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This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Falkland Island, Tuamotu, Southern America, Northern America, Australasia and Asia-Temperate..

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes woody at the base
Leaves
Leaves opposite
Bracts
Bracts sometimes foliose, usually alternate
Flowers
Flowers in terminal or lateral (then main axis continuing vegetative growth) racemes; terminal racemes sometimes elongated with foliose bracts; bracteoles absent
Calyx
Calyx deeply divided into 4(–5) often unequal segments, the fifth posterior segment when present usually smaller
Corolla
Corolla rotate to campanulate, with 4 (rarely 5) lobes; tube short, rarely exceeding the calyx; upper and lower lobes often narrower
Stamens
Stamens 2, inserted on the corolla tube at the sides of the upper lobe, exserted; anther thecae divergent or parallel, obtuse, confluent at the apex
Style
Style with subcapitate stigma
Fruits
Fruit a loculicidal and sometimes also pseudosepticidal capsule, more or less compressed at right angles to the septum, usually with hairs and venose surface
Seeds
Seeds few or many, ellipsoidal or suborbicular, affixed by the inner flat or concave surface, reticulate, sometimes almost smooth, or rugulose on the back, often with a thickened or keeled margin.
Note
It is surprising that only one of the temperate European annual “speedwells” of cultivated ground and lawns has been reported from the Flora area. Others likely to occur are V. polita L., V. peregrina L., and V. arvensis L.  Several species are cultivated as ornamental shrubs in upland gardens and parks: V. longifolia L., V. salicifolia Forst.f., V. speciosa A.Cunn., V. spicata L., and the shrubby species often referred to Hebe.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Some 180 species, mainly in temperate regions of the northern hemisphere, but some in tropical highlands and some widespread weeds.
Habit
Herbs
Leaves
Leaves opposite below, usually alternate above
Flowers
Flowers in terminal or axillary racemes, or solitary in the leaf axils
Calyx
Calyx-lobes 4(–5), often unequal-Corolla rotate; tube short; limb with 4 somewhat unequal lobes
Stamens
Stamens 2, exserted
Style
Style filiform, persistent; stigma club-shaped
Fruits
Fruit a loculicidal and sometimes also septicidal capsule, ± flattened at right angles to the septum
Seeds
Seeds usually numerous.

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, erect, prostrate or decumbent, glabrous or pubescent.
Leaves
Leaves opposite or occasionally verticillate or scattered, entire or variously dentate or crenate.
Flowers
Flowers in terminal or axillary racemes or rarely solitary-axillary, bracteate.
Inflorescences
Pedicels ebracteolate.
Calyx
Calyx 4- or 5-partite; where present, fifth posterior lobe usually smaller.
Corolla
Corolla 4–5-lobed; tube short, rarely exceeding calyx.
Stamens
Stamens 2, perfect, exserted; inserted on corolla tube at sides of upper lobe; anther-thecae divergent or parallel, obtuse.
Style
Style apically subcapitate.
Fruits
Capsule compressed or turgid, bisulcate, loculicidal.
Seeds
Seeds few to many.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Louisiana, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Svalbard, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tuamotu, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Ascension, Bermuda, Chile North, Crozet Is., Easter Is., Galápagos, Haiti, Hawaii, Juan Fernández Is., Madagascar, Mauritius, Norfolk Is., Réunion, Socotra, South Georgia, St.Helena, Tristan da Cunha

Veronica L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Rico, L. [1789], Armenia K000297291

First published in Sp. Pl.: 9 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Andrés-Sánchez, S., Rico, E., Herrero, A., Santos-Vicente, M. & Martínez-Ortega, M.M. (2009). Combining traditional morphometrics and molecular markers in cryptic taxa: towards an updated integrative taxonomic treatment for Veronica subgenus Pentasepalae (Plantaginaceae sensu APG II) in the western Mediterranian Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 159: 68-87.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 356.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp. Pl.: 12 (1753).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Sp. P1.: 9 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/