1. Family: Crassulaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Cotyledon L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Arabian Peninsula to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Herbs or shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, entire, usually fleshy, sessile or petiolate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a terminal corymbose cyme
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous, mainly pendulous
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed
    Corolla
    Corolla 5-lobed; tube urceolate or cylindric, sometimes slightly 5-angled; lobes twisted in bud, spreading or recurved
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, very rarely 5, arising from corolla-base; filaments filiform, often broadened at the base; anthers oblong, exserted or included
    Nectaries
    Nectary scales linear, oblong or quadrate
    Carpels
    Carpels 5, free or slightly united at the base; ovules numerous; styles slender; stigma obliquely capitate
    Distribution
    Species about 23 in South Africa with 1 species extending northwards into Ethiopia and Arabia.
    [FZ]

    Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Succulent undershrubs or shrubs, completely glabrous or ± glandular–pubescent, tomentose or mealy.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite and decussate, or verticillate, sometimes subrosulate, sessile or subpetiolate, fleshy, flat to terete, usually entire, persistent or caducuous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal on a H; long peduncle, cymose, panicled or racemose.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5–merous, showy, mostly large, pedicelled and pendulous or sessile.
    Calyx
    Calyx shorter than corolla–tube.
    Corolla
    Corolla gamopetalous, deep red to yellow or greenish; tube subcylindrical, not or ± ventricose at the base, ± 5–angled, usually narrowing to the throat; lobes spreading, reflexed or revolute, spirally twisted in bud.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, inserted at the base of corolla–tube, usually exserted; filaments often hairy at the base; anthers ovate to oblong.
    Carpels
    Carpels 5, free, many–ovulate; styles usually longer than the ovaries, subulate; stigmas subcapitate.
    Fruits
    Follicles with numerous seeds.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    California, Dominican Republic, France, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Portugal, St.Helena

    Cotyledon L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kenya 41104.000
    Davis, P.H. 9938.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 429 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 196 (1954).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 429 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 196 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 429(1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0