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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Arabian Peninsula to S. Africa.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in a terminal corymbose cyme, 5-merous, often pendulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx deeply lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tubular or urceolate, lobes twisted in bud, spreading or recurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (5–)10, inserted on corolla-tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary scales linear to square
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles many-seeded.
Distribution
Genus of 15–20 species in South Africa, with one species extending north to NE Africa and Arabia.

[FTEA]

Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, entire, usually fleshy, sessile or petiolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal corymbose cyme
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, mainly pendulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5-lobed; tube urceolate or cylindric, sometimes slightly 5-angled; lobes twisted in bud, spreading or recurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, very rarely 5, arising from corolla-base; filaments filiform, often broadened at the base; anthers oblong, exserted or included
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary scales linear, oblong or quadrate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 5, free or slightly united at the base; ovules numerous; styles slender; stigma obliquely capitate
Distribution
Species about 23 in South Africa with 1 species extending northwards into Ethiopia and Arabia.

[FZ]

Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Succulent undershrubs or shrubs, completely glabrous or ± glandular–pubescent, tomentose or mealy.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite and decussate, or verticillate, sometimes subrosulate, sessile or subpetiolate, fleshy, flat to terete, usually entire, persistent or caducuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal on a H; long peduncle, cymose, panicled or racemose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5–merous, showy, mostly large, pedicelled and pendulous or sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx shorter than corolla–tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla gamopetalous, deep red to yellow or greenish; tube subcylindrical, not or ± ventricose at the base, ± 5–angled, usually narrowing to the throat; lobes spreading, reflexed or revolute, spirally twisted in bud.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, inserted at the base of corolla–tube, usually exserted; filaments often hairy at the base; anthers ovate to oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 5, free, many–ovulate; styles usually longer than the ovaries, subulate; stigmas subcapitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles with numerous seeds.

Native to:

Angola, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

California, Dominican Republic, France, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Portugal, St.Helena, Tunisia

Cotyledon L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Kenya 41104.000
Davis, P.H. 9938.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 429 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 196 (1954).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 429 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 196 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 429(1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0