1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Cenchrus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World, America.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (14), or perennial (11). Rhizomes absent (21), or short (3). Culms erect (6/15), or geniculately ascending (12/15), or decumbent (2/15); robust (3/3); 5-60.5-300 cm long; firm (23), or wiry (1). Culm-internodes unequal, the upper longer (1/1); channelled (1/1). Culm-nodes constricted (1/1). Lateral branches sparse (1/2), or ample (1/2). Branch complement one (1/1), or two (1/1); with subequal branches (1/1); thinner than stem (1/1). Leaf-sheaths open for most of their length (2/2). Ligule a ciliate membrane (1), or a fringe of hairs (23). Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate (1). Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous (1/1). Leaf-blade margins unthickened (1/1). Leaf-blade apex muticous (23), or pungent (1).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform. Panicle axis bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster (14), or 2 in the cluster (19), or 3 in the cluster (16), or 4 in the cluster (4), or 5-8 in the cluster (1). Involucre composed of bristles; connate into a disc below (8), or connate into a cup below (16). Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; few (12), or numerous (12); 5-28-75 in principal whorl; terete (5), or flattened (18), or expanded (1); flexible (5), or rigid (19); obtuse (2), or spinose (16), or attenuate (8).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (6), or ovate (20); dorsally compressed; 2-5.294-9 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (6), or ovate (20); dorsally compressed; 2-5.294-9 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure (4), or two (22); shorter than spikelet (23), or reaching apex of florets (1); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate (4/22), or ovate (20/22); hyaline (4/22), or membranous (19/22); without keels (22/22); 0 -veined (3/22), or 1 -veined (22/22), or 2-3 -veined (1/22). Lower glume lateral veins absent (21/22), or distinct (1/22). Lower glume surface glabrous (20/22), or puberulous (2/22). Lower glume apex obtuse (8/22), or acute (19/22), or acuminate (1/22). Upper glume lanceolate (1), or oblong (1), or ovate; hyaline (2), or membranous (22); without keels; 1 -veined (8), or 2 -veined (6), or 3 -veined (19), or 4 -veined (13), or 5 -veined (16), or 6-7 -veined (2). Upper glume surface smooth (23), or asperulous (1); glabrous (20), or puberulous (4). Upper glume apex obtuse (6/23), or acute (22/23), or acuminate (1/23), or setaceously attenuate (1/23).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male (5), or barren (21); with palea (22), or without significant palea (4). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (2), or oblong (3), or ovate (20); 1 length of fertile lemma; membranous; 3 -veined (9), or 4 -veined (7), or 5 -veined (22), or 6-7 -veined (8); emarginate (1), or obtuse (2), or acute (21), or acuminate (2); muticous (22), or mucronate (3). Fertile lemma lanceolate (2), or elliptic (1), or ovate (21); dorsally compressed (4/4); lanceolate in profile (1/1); chartaceous (3), or cartilaginous (1), or coriaceous (22); of similar consistency on margins (4), or much thinner on margins (20); without keel; 3 -veined (12/23), or 4 -veined (2/23), or 5 -veined (13/23), or 6-7 -veined (1/23). Lemma surface smooth (22), or granulose (1), or asperulous (1). Lemma margins exposing palea (20), or covering most of palea (4). Lemma apex truncate (1), or obtuse (14), or acute (8), or acuminate (4); without ornament (23), or pubescent (1); muticous (20), or mucronate (4). Palea 1 length of lemma; chartaceous (3), or cartilaginous (1), or coriaceous (22); 2 -veined (4/4).
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent (3/4), or 2 (1/4); fleshy (1/1). Anthers 3 (11/11). Stigmas 2 (1/1). Ovary glabrous (1/1).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (21/21); ellipsoid (3/11), or oblong (2/11), or ovoid (4/11), or orbicular (1/11), or obovoid (2/11); dorsally compressed (8/8); apex unappendaged (1/1).
    Distribution
    Europe (2), or Africa (11), or Temperate Asia (8), or Tropical Asia (9), or Australasia (11), or Pacific (7), or North America (11), or South America (13).
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat or involute; ligule a line of hairs
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a cylindrical spike-like panicle with angular rhachis, each spikelet or cluster of spikelets enclosed by a deciduous involucre; involucre composed of 1 or more whorls of bristles, those of the innermost whorl ± flattened and often spiny, connate at the base or for some distance along their length
    Spikelets
    Spikelets lanceolate to ovate, dorsally compressed, acute to acuminate; lower glume up to 1/2 as long as the spikelet, sometimes suppressed; upper glume a little shorter than the spikelet; lower floret ♂ or barren, its lemma as long as the spikelet, membranous; upper lemma as long as the spikelet, firmly membranous to coriaceous, the flat thin margins covering much of the palea
    Fruits
    Caryopsis elliptic to ovoid, dorsally compressed.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a cylindrical spiciform panicle with angular rhachis, bearing deciduous clusters of 1-several spikelets subtended by an involucre of bristles, these flexuous or spinous, ± flattened and united below (at least the inner whorl), the degree of union varying from a basal disk to a deep cupule.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets lanceolate to ovate.
    Glume
    Inferior glume up to 1/2 length of spikelet, sometimes suppressed. Superior glume and inferior lemma as long as spikelet or a little shorter.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma chartaceous to thinly coriaceous with flat thin margins.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a cylindrical to subglobose spiciform panicle, terminal or sometimes axillary and then often aggregated into a leafy false panicle, bearing deciduous clusters of 1-several spikelets subtended by an involucre of bristles, these flexuous, filiform and free to the base.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets narrowly lanceolate to oblong.
    Glume
    Glumes and inferior lemma variable, absent to as long as spikelet.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma cartilaginous to thinly coriaceous with flat thin margins.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (12), or perennial (71). Rhizomes absent (55), or short (11), or elongated (17). Stolons absent (79), or present (3). Culms erect (42/63), or geniculately ascending (27/63), or decumbent (13/63), or prostrate (1/63), or rambling (2/63); reed-like (1/17), or robust (10/17), or slender (6/17); 3-130.9-800 cm long; compressible (1), or firm (70), or wiry (7), or woody (6); without nodal roots (3/10), or with prop roots (1/10), or rooting from lower nodes (9/10). Culm-internodes channelled (1/1). Culm-nodes constricted (1/2), or swollen (1/2). Lateral branches lacking (6/40), or sparse (2/40), or ample (26/40), or fastigiate (4/40), or suffrutescent (3/40). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (81), or erect (1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (3), or a ciliolate membrane (3), or a ciliate membrane (14), or a fringe of hairs (62). Leaf-blade base without a false petiole (79), or with a false petiole (5). Leaf-blades persistent (80), or deciduous at the ligule (2); aciculate (1), or filiform (3), or linear (72), or lanceolate (11); membranous (1), or herbaceous (79), or coriaceous (2); stiff (4), or firm (74), or flaccid (4). Leaf-blade midrib widened (1/1). Leaf-blade surface with rectangular ribs (1/1). Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (2/2). Leaf-blade apex muticous (81), or pungent (1).
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence simple (72), or compound (10); scanty (7/9), or paniculate (1/9), or fastigiate (1/9). Inflorescence a panicle (81), or comprising only a few spikelets (1); terminal (58), or terminal and axillary (24); subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath (78), or an inflated leaf-sheath (4); exserted (78), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (3), or enclosed (1). Panicle spiciform (81/81). Panicle axis bearing persistent branches (10/81), or deciduous spikelet clusters (71/81). Spikelets solitary (1), or subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile (72/81), or sessile and pedicelled (5/81), or pedicelled (5/81); 1 in the cluster (79/81), or 2 in the cluster (18/81), or 3 in the cluster (10/81), or 4 in the cluster (5/81), or 5 in the cluster (3/81), or 6-9 in the cluster (1/81). Companion sterile spikelets sessile (1/5), or pedicelled (4/5); 0-1 in the cluster (1/5), or 2-3 in the cluster (4/5), or 4 in the cluster (3/5), or 5 in the cluster (1/5). Involucre composed of bristles; free throughout (81), or connate into a disc below (1). Involucral bristles persistent (1), or deciduous with the fertile spikelets (81); few (24), or numerous (58); 1-13-80 in principal whorl; terete (81), or flattened (1); flexible (80), or rigid (2).
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets absent (77), or well-developed (5); deciduous with the fertile (4/4).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension (3). Spikelets lanceolate (59), or elliptic (6), or oblong (12), or ovate (10), or obovate (2); subterete (1), or dorsally compressed (81); 2-5.375-20 mm long; persistent on plant (1), or falling entire (81); deciduous from the base (1/81), or with accessory branch structures (81/81). Spikelet callus pubescent (1/1); base truncate (7/7). Companion sterile spikelets absent (77), or well-developed (5); deciduous with the fertile (4/4).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension (3). Spikelets lanceolate (59), or elliptic (6), or oblong (12), or ovate (10), or obovate (2); subterete (1), or dorsally compressed (81); 2-5.375-20 mm long; persistent on plant (1), or falling entire (81); deciduous from the base (1/81), or with accessory branch structures (81/81). Spikelet callus pubescent (1/1); base truncate (7/7).
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure (5), or one the lower absent or obscure (23), or two (70); shorter than spikelet (75), or reaching apex of florets (11); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate (9/70), or elliptic (4/70), or oblong (14/70), or ovate (35/70), or orbicular (7/70), or oblate (13/70); 0.5-0.775-1 length of upper glume; hyaline (33/68), or membranous (35/68); without keels (67/67); 0 -veined (46/68), or 1 -veined (36/68), or 2 -veined (5/68), or 3 -veined (6/68). Lower glume lateral veins absent (64/70), or obscure (2/70), or distinct (6/70). Lower glume surface smooth (69/70), or asperulous (1/70); glabrous (68/70), or puberulous (1/70), or pubescent (1/70). Lower glume apex entire (69/70), or erose (1/70); emarginate (5/67), or truncate (10/67), or obtuse (40/67), or acute (33/67), or acuminate (3/67); muticous (69/70), or mucronate (1/70). Upper glume lanceolate (12), or elliptic (8), or oblong (17), or ovate (48), or oblate (8); hyaline (19), or membranous (62), or herbaceous (1); without keels; 0-3-11 -veined. Upper glume surface smooth (80), or asperulous (3), or scabrous (1); glabrous (79), or puberulous (2), or pubescent (1). Upper glume apex entire, or dentate (1); 3 -fid (1/1); emarginate (7/81), or truncate (6/81), or obtuse (27/81), or acute (56/81), or acuminate (16/81), or caudate (1/81); muticous (80), or mucronate (5).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male (47), or barren (68); with palea (49), or without significant palea (49). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (17), or elliptic (19), or oblong (27), or ovate (26), or oblate (1); hyaline (3), or membranous (63), or chartaceous (16); 0-5-15 -veined; emarginate (3/78), or truncate (1/78), or obtuse (12/78), or acute (42/78), or acuminate (29/78), or setaceously attenuate (3/78), or cuspidate (1/78), or caudate (1/78); muticous (75), or mucronate (8), or awned (1). Fertile lemma lanceolate (38), or elliptic (13), or oblong (9), or ovate (24); membranous (25), or chartaceous (28), or cartilaginous (9), or coriaceous (20); of similar consistency above (81), or much thinner above (1); of similar consistency on margins (80), or much thinner on margins (2); without keel; 3-4 -veined (4/56), or 5 -veined (55/56), or 6-7 -veined (13/56), or 8-9 -veined (3/56), or 10-12 -veined (1/56). Lemma surface smooth (69), or asperulous (2), or scaberulous (14); glabrous (81), or hispidulous (1). Lemma margins flat (81), or involute (1); eciliate (79), or ciliolate (1), or pubescent (2). Lemma apex emarginate (1/80), or truncate (1/80), or obtuse (12/80), or acute (46/80), or acuminate (26/80), or setaceously attenuate (1/80), or apiculate (3/80); muticous (76), or mucronate (7). Palea 0.5-0.9879-1.1 length of lemma; membranous (33), or chartaceous (21), or cartilaginous (8), or coriaceous (20); 2 -veined (3/3), or 3-4 -veined (1/3).
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent (61/64), or 2 (3/64); truncate (1/1). Anthers 3 (77/77). Stigmas 2 (2/2); plumose (81), or pubescent (1).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (37/37); lanceolate (1/9), or ellipsoid (3/9), or oblong (5/9), or ovoid (2/9), or obovoid (1/9); isodiametric (1/6), or dorsally compressed (6/6). Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Europe (3), or Africa (47), or Temperate Asia (23), or Tropical Asia (18), or Australasia (12), or Pacific (10), or North America (12), or South America (27), or Antarctica (1).
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear to lanceolate, flat to convolute; ligule a line of hairs, rarely membranous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a cylindrical to subglobose spike-like panicle terminal on culms and branches, rarely axillary and then often gathered into a leafy false panicle, each spikelet or cluster of spikelets subtended by a deciduous involucre of 1-many slender bristles free throughout; rhachis rounded or angular with or without short peduncle-stumps, occasionally the involucre shortly stipitate below the insertion of the bristles
    Spikelets
    Spikelets narrowly lanceolate to oblong, dorsally compressed, glabrous or almost so; lower glume up to half as long as the spikelet, sometimes suppressed; upper glume varying from very small to as long as the spikelet; lower floret ♂ or barren, its lemma of variable length, membranous; upper lemma as long as the spikelet or a little shorter, membranous to coriaceous, its flat thin margins covering ± half the palea; anther-tips smooth, or sometimes with a little tuft of hairs
    Fruits
    Caryopsis oblong and dorsally compressed to subglobose.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennial
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat, linear; ligule a short membranous rim
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a coarse cylindrical raceme embraced below by the uppermost leaf sheath, each spikelet subtended by a lobed herbaceous scale forming an involucre
    Spikelets
    Spikelets lanceolate, dorsally compressed; lower glume a minute hyaline scale or absent; upper glume shorter than the spikelet; lower floret ♂, with a palea, as long as the spikelet; upper lemma as long as the spikelet, cartilaginous, its margins covering 2/3 of the palea; stigma 1, long, flexuous
    Fruits
    Caryopsis oblong, dorsally compressed.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms prostrate; 20-40 cm long; spongy; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule an eciliate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle spiciform. Panicle axis bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; united into a herbaceous lobed scale. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; flattened; rigid; obtuse.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 10-14 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 10-14 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure, or two; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume ovate; 0.4-0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; herbaceous; 9 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; cartilaginous; much thinner above; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea cartilaginous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Stigmas 1.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; dorsally compressed.
    Distribution
    Africa, or Temperate Asia.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 50-120 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Dioecious. Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform. Panicle axis bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Male spikelets pedicelled. Involucre composed of bristles. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; 7-12 in principal whorl; terete; flexible. Male inflorescence unlike female; a panicle. Male spikelets distinct from female; lanceolate. Male spikelet glumes 2.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; membranous; without keels; 0-3 -veined. Lower glume apex entire, or erose; obtuse, or acute; muticous, or mucronate. Upper glume lanceolate, or ovate; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; membranous; 5 -veined; acute, or acuminate; muticous, or mucronate. Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma lanceolate; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma surface striate. Lemma apex acute, or acuminate; pubescent. Palea coriaceous.
    Male
    Male inflorescence unlike female; a panicle. Male spikelets distinct from female; lanceolate. Male spikelet glumes 2.
    Distribution
    Australasia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Korea, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Marquesas, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Carolina, South Dakota, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Amur, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Caroline Is., Central European Rus, Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Easter Is., France, Gilbert Is., Great Britain, Idaho, Italy, Kamchatka, Kazan-retto, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Line Is., Madeira, Magadan, Maluku, Marcus I., Marianas, Marshall Is., Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mozambique Channel I, Nauru, New Zealand South, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Phoenix Is., Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Rodrigues, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, South Australia, South China Sea, South European Russi, Spain, St.Helena, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tasmania, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tristan da Cunha, Tuamotu, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuvalu, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Victoria, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., Yugoslavia

    Cenchrus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [3978/a], Brazil K001106067
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8650] Penicillaria K001131118

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 1049 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • De Lisle in Iowa State J. Sci. 37: 259 (1963)
    • F.T.A. 9: 1070 (1934).
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 470 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl. 1049 (1753)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • De Lisle in Iowa State Journ. Sci. 37: 259–351 (1963).
    • Sp. Pl.: 1049 (1753).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • De Lisle in Iowa State Journ. Sci. 37: 259 (1963)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 470 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 1049 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0