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This genus is accepted, and its native range is America.


Lythraceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, subshrubs or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or rarely in whorls of 3–5, very rarely alternate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers zygomorphic, 6-merous, usually solitary at the upper nodes, or forming ± one-sided usually simple raceme-like inflorescences, the flowers alternate, decussate or rarely whorled, interpetiolar, axillary or from the internodes, the pedicels joined to them; bracteoles 2 or lacking
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular, often brightly coloured and usually ± irregular, gibbous or ± spurred, the sac containing a nectary; lobes short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals usually 6, rarely 2 or 4 or missing, often small or vestigial
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 11, rarely 6 or 9, very rarely 4
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary sessile; disc present or rarely ± absent; ovules numerous or (2–)3–few
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule splitting with the placenta finally reflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds flattened, biconvex, often narrowly winged.

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Suriname, Tennessee, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cameroon, China Southeast, Cook Is., Fiji, Hawaii, Kenya, Liberia, Malaya, Mauritius, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, Northern Provinces, Ontario, Philippines, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Texas, Thailand

Cuphea P.Browne appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2010 Baker, R. [LC5988], Brazil K001076028
Jan 1, 2002 Pereira, B.A.S. [2939], Brazil K001076041
Jan 1, 1989 Strudwick, J.J. [4010], Brazil K001076043
Jan 1, 1989 Strudwick, J.J. [4253], Brazil K001076044
Jan 1, 1987 Hopkins, M.J.G. [538], Brazil K001076045
Melville, R. [5291], New Zealand 36932.000
Harley, R.M. [16264], Brazil K001076020
Harley, R.M. [19223], Brazil K001076023
Harley, R.M. [20020], Brazil K001076024
Harley, R.M. [CFCR14107], Brazil K001076026
Harley, R.M. [21449], Brazil K001076037
Harley, R.M. [21484], Brazil K001076038
Harley, R.M. [54718], Brazil K001066716
Stannard, B.L. [s.n.], Brazil K001076032
Hind, D.J.N. [s.n.], Brazil K001076029
Hind, D.J.N. [4129], Brazil K001076030
Giulietti, A.M. [2682], Brazil K001076035
Ganev, W. [2515], Brazil K001076027
Souza, V.C. [5531], Brazil K001076021
Souza, V.C. [5383], Brazil K001076022
Guedes, M.L. [5144], Brazil K001076025
Guedes, M.L. [497], Brazil K001076031
Mello-Silva, R. [627], Brazil K001076040
Mello-Silva, R. [1613], Brazil K001066718
Rodal, M.J.N. [210], Brazil K001076013
Rodrigues, E. [20], Brazil K001076014
Rodrigues, E. [47], Brazil K001076016
Agra, M.F. [1123], Brazil K001076042
Andrade, K. [30], Brazil K001076019
Sales, M.R.C. [201], Brazil K001076018
Burchell, W.J. [2384], Brazil K001073713
Burchell, W.J. [1963], Brazil K001073714
Atkins, S. [s.n.], Brazil K001076039
Tschá, M.C. [171], Brazil K001076015
Melo, M.R.C.S. [109], Brazil K001076010
Melo, M.R.C.S. [201], Brazil K001076012
Silva, S.I. [255], Brazil K001076017
Forzza, R.C. [3010], Brazil K001076036
Hatschbach, G.G. [49461], Brazil K001076034
Sales, M.F. de [232], Brazil K001076011
Paixão, R. [326], Brazil K001066715
Melo, M.R.S. [169], Brazil K001066717

First published in Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 216 (1756)

Accepted by

  • Graham, S.A. (2017). A revision of Cuphea section Brachyandra s. s. (Lythraceae) Systematic Botany 42: 859-919.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.


Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Koehne in E.P. IV. 216: 80 (1903)
  • Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 216 (1756)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

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Kew Backbone Distributions
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Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
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© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

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