1. Family: Lythraceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Cuphea P.Browne

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is America.

    [FTEA]

    Lythraceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Herbs, subshrubs or shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or rarely in whorls of 3–5, very rarely alternate
    Flowers
    Flowers zygomorphic, 6-merous, usually solitary at the upper nodes, or forming ± one-sided usually simple raceme-like inflorescences, the flowers alternate, decussate or rarely whorled, interpetiolar, axillary or from the internodes, the pedicels joined to them; bracteoles 2 or lacking
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular, often brightly coloured and usually ± irregular, gibbous or ± spurred, the sac containing a nectary; lobes short
    Corolla
    Petals usually 6, rarely 2 or 4 or missing, often small or vestigial
    Stamens
    Stamens 11, rarely 6 or 9, very rarely 4
    Ovary
    Ovary sessile; disc present or rarely ± absent; ovules numerous or (2–)3–few
    Fruits
    Capsule splitting with the placenta finally reflexed
    Seeds
    Seeds flattened, biconvex, often narrowly winged.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Suriname, Tennessee, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cameroon, China Southeast, Cook Is., Fiji, Hawaii, Kenya, Liberia, Malaya, Mauritius, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, Northern Provinces, Ontario, Philippines, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Texas, Thailand

    Cuphea P.Browne appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2010 Baker, R. [LC5988], Brazil K001076028
    Jan 1, 2002 Pereira, B.A.S. [2939], Brazil K001076041
    Jan 1, 1989 Strudwick, J.J. [4010], Brazil K001076043
    Jan 1, 1989 Strudwick, J.J. [4253], Brazil K001076044
    Jan 1, 1987 Hopkins, M.J.G. [538], Brazil K001076045
    Melville, R. [5291], New Zealand 36932.000
    Harley, R.M. [16264], Brazil K001076020
    Harley, R.M. [19223], Brazil K001076023
    Harley, R.M. [20020], Brazil K001076024
    Harley, R.M. [CFCR14107], Brazil K001076026
    Harley, R.M. [21449], Brazil K001076037
    Harley, R.M. [21484], Brazil K001076038
    Harley, R.M. [54718], Brazil K001066716
    Stannard, B.L. [s.n.], Brazil K001076032
    Hind, D.J.N. [s.n.], Brazil K001076029
    Hind, D.J.N. [4129], Brazil K001076030
    Giulietti, A.M. [2682], Brazil K001076035
    Ganev, W. [2515], Brazil K001076027
    Souza, V.C. [5531], Brazil K001076021
    Souza, V.C. [5383], Brazil K001076022
    Guedes, M.L. [5144], Brazil K001076025
    Guedes, M.L. [497], Brazil K001076031
    Mello-Silva, R. [627], Brazil K001076040
    Mello-Silva, R. [1613], Brazil K001066718
    Rodal, M.J.N. [210], Brazil K001076013
    Rodrigues, E. [20], Brazil K001076014
    Rodrigues, E. [47], Brazil K001076016
    Agra, M.F. [1123], Brazil K001076042
    Andrade, K. [30], Brazil K001076019
    Sales, M.R.C. [201], Brazil K001076018
    Burchell, W.J. [2384], Brazil K001073713
    Burchell, W.J. [1963], Brazil K001073714
    Atkins, S. [s.n.], Brazil K001076039
    Tschá, M.C. [171], Brazil K001076015
    Melo, M.R.C.S. [109], Brazil K001076010
    Melo, M.R.C.S. [201], Brazil K001076012
    Silva, S.I. [255], Brazil K001076017
    Forzza, R.C. [3010], Brazil K001076036
    Hatschbach, G.G. [49461], Brazil K001076034
    Sales, M.F. de [232], Brazil K001076011
    Paixão, R. [326], Brazil K001066715
    Melo, M.R.S. [169], Brazil K001066717

    First published in Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 216 (1756)

    Accepted by

    • Graham, S.A. (2017). A revision of Cuphea section Brachyandra s. s. (Lythraceae) Systematic Botany 42: 859-919.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Koehne in E.P. IV. 216: 80 (1903)
    • Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 216 (1756)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/