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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
Vitex agnus-castus

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Some 250 species in tropical and subtropical parts of both the Old and the New World, and also a few in temperate regions.
Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, digitately (1–)3–7-foliolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in sessile or pedunculate cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx bell-shaped to tubular, (3–)5(–6)-lobed to nearly truncate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla ± 2-lipped; tube cylindrical to ± funnel-shaped; limb 5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, mostly exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary first 2-celled but later usually 4-celled with 1 ovule in each cell; style terminal, shortly 2-fid at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe; fruiting calyx usually enlarged, plate-like or cup-shaped.

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or occasionally lianas, the stems mostly 4-angled, glabrous to densely hairy
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, (1–)3–7-foliolate, mostly petiolate; leaflets entire, toothed or lobed, often glandular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes mostly dichasial, short and dense to open and spreading, sessile or pedunculate, the bracts often well developed; cymes sometimes aggregated into thyrsoid or lax panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate to tubular, (3–)5(–6)-lobed or toothed or nearly truncate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white and/or coloured, mostly shades of blue, lilac or mauve, ± zygomorphic; tube shortly cylindrical to long-tubular or ± funnel-shaped; limb spreading, ± 2-lipped, the upper lip 2-fid, the lower 3-fid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, didynamous, inserted in the tube, mostly exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary at first ± 2-locular, later usually 4-locular, with single ovule in each locule; style terminal, filiform, shortly bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes fleshy with hard 4-celled endocarp; fruiting calyx usually accrescent, plate-like or cupular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds without endosperm.

[KBu]

de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea. Kew Bulletin 63: 17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-007-9013-7

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs, rarely lianas
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (1 –) 3 – 5 (– 6) palmate, decussate; leaflets elliptic, apex rounded to acuminate, base cuneate, sometimes oblique, margin entire, seldom toothed or lobed, herbaceous; upper surface glabrous except on the veins; lower surface glabrous except with hairs on the veins to velutinous; venation pinnate, usually prominent below and sunken above; glands shortly stalked, on both surfaces; hairs simple, multicellular
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole round to lateral flatted in cross-section
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 4, usually equal, glabrous but usually with hairs at base, inserted in middle to lower half of tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx (0 –) 4 – 5 lobed, campanulate, rarely two-lipped, usually accrescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla (4 –) 5 lobed, strongly to weakly two lipped, usually glabrous inside, lobes heteromorphic to isomorphic, apex emarginate to rounded to acute, hairs concentrated at corolla mouth and along centre of lip, tube base glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, apex usually rounded, usually glabrous, sometimes wholly or only the apex covered with glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style usually straight, seldom with hooked apex, glabrous; stigma bifid, apex acute to acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit fleshly, globose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or axillary, cyme or paniculate, axis round to flattened in cross-section; bracts morphological similar to leaves, persistent; bracteole triangulate, elliptic-linear, often not persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 4 (or less by abortion) per fruit.
Type
Type species: Vitex agnus-castus L.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually digitately compound with 3-8 leaflets but sometimes unifoliolate, sometimes in whorls
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary or terminal, a dichasial cyme, sometimes compound into a thyrse or panicle, flower blue, yellow, white to purple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate or tubular, 3-5-lobed, or truncate, actinomorphic to weakly 2-lipped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla infundibular, zygomorphic, 5-lobed, 2-lipped, tube straight or curved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, didynamous, attached near base of tube; usually exserted, thecae dorsifixed, divergent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pollen
Pollen 3-colpate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary bicarpellate, carpels 2-locular and 2-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style terminal with stigma-lobes short, equal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit drupaceous, with hard pyrene, 4-seeded.
Note
2n = 12, 16.  Approximately 250 species
Distribution
In Old and New World tropics, few in temperate regions. Introduced to Southern U.S.A.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees, more rarely scrambling lianes, deciduous or evergreen, bark smooth or vertically fissured Shrubs or trees, more rarely scrambling lianes, deciduous or evergreen, bark smooth or vertically fissured.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, didynamous, epipetalous, included or exserted from the corolla tube; filaments broadened at the base, glabrous or with glandular or eglandular hairs Stamens 4, didynamous, epipetalous, included or exserted from the corolla tube; filaments broadened at the base, glabrous or with glandular or eglandular hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary initially c. 2-locular, later 4-locular, with a single ovule in each locule, gland-dotted or not, glabrous or apically hairy; style terminal, filiform, bifid, shortly or distinctly exserted ( V. schliebenii )
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe or a nut with a hard 4-locular endocarp; fruiting calyx firm and ± cupular to saucer-shaped below the drupe, or enlarged chartaceous campanulate about the nut Fruit a drupe or a nut with a hard 4-locular endocarp; fruiting calyx firm and ± cupular to saucer-shaped below the drupe, or enlarged chartaceous campanulate about the nut.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–4, oblong to obovoid, without endosperm. Seeds 1–4, oblong to obovoid, without endosperm.
Note
Often missing from field notes are details of leaf, flower and fruit colour – which changes at maturity and on drying Herbarium collections of the widespread, and usually polymorphic, African species (e.g. V. doniana, V. ferruginea, V. fischeri, V. madiensis, V. mombassae, V. payos) are abundant. In contrast the southern African taxa (V. zeyheri, V. obovata, V. harveyana) are less well represented and need further research to fully understand their variation. Often missing from field notes are details of leaf, flower and fruit colour – which changes at maturity and on drying. It is also very useful to have a description of the bark and general observations on the habit of the plant. Pieper treated the African species as belonging to two subgenera, namely the subgenera Vitex and Holmskioldiopsis , and such infrageneric classification is retained here.  Both subgenera are represented in the Flora Zambesiaca area with species 1–13 belonging to subgenus Vitex and species 14 and 15 to subgenus Holmskioldiopsis W. Piep.  Species 1 (and V. zanzibarensis and V. trifolia ) belong to section Vitex [ Terminales Briq.], and species 2–13 to section Axillares Briq. of the subgenus Vitex.
Distribution
A genus of more than 200 species, mainly in the Old and New World tropics and a few in temperate areas.  Earlier authors, such as Pieper (Africa) and Moldenke (global), recognized many more species than are generally accepted today.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, rarely in whorls of 3, digitately compound with (1)3–7 leaflets, usually petiolate; leaflets entire or variously dentate or crenate, often with yellow gland-dots and aromatic; petiolules present or absent. Leaves opposite, rarely in whorls of 3, digitately compound with (1)3–7 leaflets, usually petiolate; leaflets entire or variously dentate or crenate, often with yellow gland-dots and aromatic; petiolules present or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal or axillary, mostly of dichasial cymes, occasionally of cymes aggregated into lax panicles, slender or sturdy; bracteoles inconspicuous, linear, narrowly-lanceolate or narrowly-spathulate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, mostly of dichasial cymes, occasionally of cymes aggregated into lax panicles, slender or sturdy; bracteoles inconspicuous, linear, narrowly-lanceolate or narrowly-spathulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx hemispherical, campanulate or obconical, 5-lobed (4-lobed in V. schliebenii), toothed or truncate, persistent and ± accrescent in fruit. Calyx hemispherical, campanulate or obconical, 5-lobed (4-lobed in V schliebenii ), toothed or truncate, persistent and ± accrescent in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla ± zygomorphic (regular in V.schliebenii); tube usually creamy-white, straight or curved, shortly cylindrical to infundibuliform; limb blue lilac mauve or pale yellow (V. chirindensis), upper lip 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, (limb 4-lobed in V.schliebenii), spreading, the lower-lip median lobe usually larger than the laterals and sometimes more strongly coloured. Corolla ± zygomorphic (regular in V. schliebenii ); tube usually creamy-white, straight or curved, shortly cylindrical to infundibuliform; limb blue lilac mauve or pale yellow ( V chirindensis ), upper lip 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, (limb 4-lobed in V. schliebenii ), spreading, the lower-lip median lobe usually larger than the laterals and sometimes more strongly coloured
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary initially c. 2-locular, later 4-locular, with a single ovule in each locule, gland-dotted or not, glabrous or apically hairy; style terminal, filiform, bifid, shortly or distinctly exserted (>i>V.>i>schliebenii).

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or liana
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, in dichotomous or trichotomous cymes, flower white with yellow blotches on anterior lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, entire or sinuate-lobate with lobes subequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5-lobed, 2-lipped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, didynamous, inserted near base of tube, little exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 4-locular, each locule with 1 ovule, but with only one locule developing
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe with one pyrene, 1-seeded by abortion.
Note
One species, Paravitex siamica Fletcher
Distribution
Thailand.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves digitately compound, leaflets 3-6 (-7), usually petiolulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, cymose, compound, much-branched, flower white to pale yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx truncate or 4-lobed, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla hypocrateriform, 4-lobed, ± 2-lipped, lobes sub-equal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, inserted at base of tube, slightly exserted, thecae divergent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary bicarpellate, 4-locular, 1 ovule in each locule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style terminal, with 2 short, unequal stigmatic lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a small drupe, pyrene hard, 4-celled.
Note
Five species
Distribution
Philippines to Celebes, New Guinea, Australia and Fiji.

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Tree or shrub
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, lobed or palmately trifoliolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary, cymose, lax, few-flowered, flower yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 4-lobed, 2-lipped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla infundibular, zygomorphic, 4-lobed, lobes subequal, weakly 2-lipped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, equal in length, inserted at middle of tube, exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2-locular, 1-2 ovules per locule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style terminal with stigma lobes short, bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit drupaceous, globose, remaining undivided.
Note
One species, Tsoongia axilliflora Merr.
Distribution
China to Southeastern Asia.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Line Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Sardegna, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Ascension, Bahamas, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., El Salvador, Florida, Mississippi, New Mexico, Texas

Vitex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2005 Netherlands Indies Forestry Service [bb20284], Indonesia K000826668
Jan 1, 2004 J.C. [1667], Malaysia K000270329
Jan 1, 2004 Lütjeharms, W.J. [4655], Indonesia K000826664
Jan 1, 2004 Aban, G. [93016], Malaysia K000826832
Jan 1, 2004 J.C. [1667], Malaysia K000826662
Jan 1, 2004 Tanghilisan [120], Indonesia K000826833
Jan 1, 2003 Barbon [1807], Philippines K000183109
Jan 1, 2003 Gaerlan [10605], Philippines K000183110
Jan 1, 2003 Schlechter, R. [17762], Papua New Guinea K000183231
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [3448], Philippines K000183108
Jan 1, 2003 Vidal, S. [3446], Philippines K000183107
Jan 1, 2003 Kanehira, R. [14138], Indonesia K000183104
Oct 1, 1951 Lanjouw, J. [2662], Suriname K001220280
17185.000
Du Puy, B. [MB158], Madagascar 57370.000
Harris, D.J. [973], Central African Republic 63388.000
Julius, A. [56284], Malaysia K000853643
Daly, D.C. [12206], Brazil K001220279
Andau, D. [1182], Malaysia K000705688
Rosário, C.S. [1924], Suriname K001220281
Soibeh, D. [790], Malaysia K000705689
Salleh, I. [15348] K000705690

First published in Sp. Pl.: 638 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • de Kok, R. (2008). The genus Vitex (Labiatae) in the Flora Malesiana region, excluding New Guinea Kew Bulletin 63: 17-40.
  • de Lima, C.T. & França, F. (2009). Flora da Bahia: Vitex Tour. ex L. Lamiaceae Sitientibus Sérrie Ciências Biológicas 9: 225-244.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Moldenke in Phytologia 5 & 6 (1955—58).
  • Pieper in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 62, Beibl. 141 (as "142"): 1—91 (1928)
  • —F.T.A. 5: 315

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62 , Beibl. 141 [‘142’]: 1–91 (1928).
  • Bothalia 26 : 141–151 (1996) [with full citations of the Moldenke series of papers on Vitex ].
  • Bredenkamp & Botha in Bothalia 26: 141–151 (1996) [with full citations of the Moldenke series of papers on Vitex].
  • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 50–68 (1992).
  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 285 (1754).
  • Harley et al. in Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII: 195 (2004).
  • Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII : 195 (2004).
  • Kew Bull. 56 : 189–207 (2001).
  • Moldenke in Phytologia 5 & 6 (1955–1958)*
  • Phytologia 5 & 6 (1955–1958)*
  • Pieper in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 62, Beibl. 141 [‘142’]: 1–91 (1928).
  • Rev. Fl. Ceylon, ed. Dassanayake 4 : 348 (1983).
  • Rev. Fl. Ceylon, ed. Dassanayake 4: 348 (1983).
  • Sales in Kew Bull. 56: 189–207 (2001).
  • Sp. Pl.: 638 [‘938’](1753)
  • Verdcourt in F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 50–68 (1992).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 285 (1754)
  • Moldenke in Phytologia 5–6 (1955–1958)
  • Pieper in E.J. 62, Beibl. 141 (‘142’): 1–91 (1928)
  • Sp. Pl.: 635 (1753)
  • in Rev. Fl. Ceylon 4: 348 (1983) (full generic synonymy)

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Agnus-castus Tourn. ex Carrière, Rev. Hort. 42: 415 (1871).
  • Allasia Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 84 (1790).
  • Casarettoa Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 4: 91 (1844).
  • Chrysomallum Thouars, Gen. Nov. Madagasc.: 8 (1806).
  • Ephialis Banks & Sol. ex A.Cunn., Ann. Nat. Hist. 1: 461 (1838).
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Limia Vand., Fl. Lusit. Bras. Spec.: 42 (1788).
  • Macrostegia Nees in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 218 (1847).
  • Mailelou Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 200 (1763).
  • Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 10(1): 31-80 (1987), reg. rev.
  • Neorapinia Moldenke, Phytologia 5: 225 (1955).
  • Nephrandra Willd., Cothen. Disp. Veg.: 8 (1790).
  • Pistaciovitex Kuntze in T.E.von Post & C.E.O.Kuntze, Lex. Gen. Phan.: 442 (1903).
  • Psilogyne DC., Biblioth. Universelle Genève 17: 132 (1838).
  • Pyrostoma G.Mey., Prim. Fl. Esseq.: 219 (1818).
  • Rapinia Montrouz., Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Lett. 10: 243 (1860), nom. illeg.
  • Tripinna Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 391 (1790).
  • Tripinnaria Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 173 (1807), nom. superfl.
  • Varangevillea Baill., Hist. Pl. 11: 116 (1892).
  • Vitex L., Sp. Pl. 2: 638 (1753)
  • Wallrothia Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp.: 317 (1821).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0