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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Dracontioides Engl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is E. Brazil.


    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Tropical humid forest; helophytes in swamp forest, marshes, stream margins, open or shaded sites, in peat or sand.
    General Description
    HABIT : unarmed herbs, sometimes robust (to 2m), rhizome subterranean, erect, sparsely branched, sometimes bearing a few subterranean tubercles. LEAVES : several, ± erect. PETIOLE : long, smooth to roughened-verruculate, often transversely variegated, geniculate at apex, sheath less than half petiole length. BLADE : deeply sagittate to subtripartite, often with a few perforations of irregular size between primary lateral veins; basal ribs very well-developed, primary lateral veins mostly arising near petiole insertion, very long-arcuate towards apex of each division, running into margin, higher order venation reticulate. INFLORESCENCE : solitary, appearing with leaves. PEDUNCLE : shorter than petiole. SPATHE : marcescent, tube with convolute margins, longitudinally white-striped, blade strongly fornicate, usually obscuring mouth of tube, brown-purple. SPADIX : sessile to shortly stipitate, cylindric, obtuse, shorter than spathe tube, flowering sequence basipetal. FLOWERS : bisexual, perigoniate; tepals 4, fornicate, subtruncate. STAMENS : 4, strongly exserted from flower at anthesis, anthers longer than connective, connective slender, thecae ovate-elliptic, dehiscing by pore-like apical slit. POLLEN : monosulcate, ellipsoid-oblong, small (mean 23 µm.), exine subreticulate. GYNOECIUM : ovate-conoid, ovary 2-locular, ovules 1 per locule, anatropous, placenta axile, style attenuate, longer than tepals, stigma small, button-like. BERRY : obovoid, somewhat furrowed, 1-2-seeded, dark purplish-red. SEED : reniform, attenuate towards micropyle, testa strongly dentate-cristate, thick, hard, brown, embryo curved, endosperm present.
    E. Brazil.
    Helophytes with deep, erect, subterranean rhizome; petiole smooth to verruculate, geniculate at apex; leaf blade deeply sagittate to subtripartite; spadix hidden by spathe; flowers bisexual, perigoniate; seed reniform, strongly dentate-cristate. Differs from Urospatha in having a fornicate (arched forward and down) spathe, leaves often sparsely perforated, and endemism to Brazil (coastal Bahia and Espirito Santo).



    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast

    Accepted Species

    Other Data

    Dracontioides Engl. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Pflanzenr., IV, 23C: 36 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.