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  1. Family: Zamiaceae Horan.
    1. Genus: Encephalartos Lehm.
      1. Encephalartos manikensis (Gilliland) Gilliland

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Zimbabwe to Mozambique.

    [EDGE]

    Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

    Conservation
    Encephalartos manikensis is rated as Vulnerable (VU) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -2.23, which places it in position 504 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 26.98, ranked 1016. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.
    [FZ]

    Cycadaceae, John Lewis. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Trunk up to 1.5 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 2 x 0.35 m., straight; median leaflets mostly 12–15 x2.5 cm. and characteristically narrowly elliptic, sometimes up to 19 x 3.5 cm. and narrowly lanceolate, margin usually with 2–4 divergent spines on each side towards the base or rarely entire; leaflets reducing in size and becoming ovate towards the leaf-base, ultimately reduced to short simple spines; petiole 5–10 cm. long.
    Male
    Median male cone-scales at right angles to the axis, with their heads slightly deflexed; heads bluntly triangular in outline with curving acute-angled margins, terminal facet concave.
    Cones
    Female cones up to 53 x 18 cm., green; median scales at right angles to axis, c. 5 cm. long with slightly deflexed heads, glabrous; heads dorsiventrally flattened and blunt, deltoid in outline with curving acute-angled margins, terminal facet concave. Median male cone-scales at right angles to the axis, with their heads slightly deflexed; heads bluntly triangular in outline with curving acute-angled margins, terminal facet concave.
    Female
    Female cones up to 53 x 18 cm., green; median scales at right angles to axis, c. 5 cm. long with slightly deflexed heads, glabrous; heads dorsiventrally flattened and blunt, deltoid in outline with curving acute-angled margins, terminal facet concave.
    Seeds
    Seeds about 3.5 cm. long, broadly ellipsoid, scarlet, darkening with age.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Zimbabwe

    Other Data

    Encephalartos manikensis (Gilliland) Gilliland appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pardy, A.A., Zimbabwe 19128.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Trans. Rhodesia Sci. Assoc. 37: 133 (1939)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Sources

    EDGE Gymnosperms
    EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0