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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Sauromatum Schott

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. China.


    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Sauromatum can be separated from all other Areae genera by a combination of four characters Sauromatum: has (1) pedatisect leaves; (2) a spathe tube with fused margins, (3) clavate lower staminodes; and (iv) upper staminodes that are differently shaped from the lower ones and/or longitudinal ridges on the spadix between the lower staminodes and the stamens. The ridges on the spadix may represent vestigial staminode bases, as is visible in S. giganteum. When the last two of these four characters apply and a species has pedatisect leaves and/or a fused spathe tube, then it can be assigned to Sauromatum.

    Araceae, S.J. Mayo. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Terrestrial acaulescent herbs with subglobose tubers, seasonally dying back and dormant
    Leaf solitary, subtended by several basal cataphylls; petiole with inconspicuous sheath, lacking apical pulvinus; blade deeply pedately-lobed; venation reticulate, primary lateral veins of lobes forming inframarginal veins
    Spadix with short ± cylindric basal pistillate part, followed by much longer sterile zone, naked apart from filiform to clavate projections at base; central staminate part short and cylindric, followed by slender, ± cylindric, smooth, sterile, terminal appendix Inflorescence solitary, appearing before leaf Spathe borne at ground-level, erect, margins connate basally forming a tube, somewhat inflated at extreme base, upper expanded limb much longer, narrowly oblong-lanceolate
    Flowers unisexual, lacking perigon, densely congested
    Stamens free, ± sessile; anthers dehiscing by oblique apical pores; connective slender
    Ovary unilocular; ovules orthotropous, 1–4, basal; stigma subsessile, capitate
    Berries purple to red, densely congested in subglobose infructescence
    Seeds with abundant endosperm.



    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Manchuria, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Sauromatum Schott appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in H.W.Schott & S.L.Endlicher, Melet. Bot.: 17 (1832)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Typhonium.]


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Hepper in Kew Bull. 21: 492 (1968).
    • F.T.A. 8: 141
    • Melet. 1: 17 (1832)

    CATE Araceae

    • Cusimano, N., Barrett, M.D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A. & Renner, S.S. 2010. A phylogeny of the Areae (Araceae) implies that Typhonium, Sauromatum, and the Australian species of Typhonium are distinct clades. Taxon, 59 (2), 439-447.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Engl. in E.P. 73 (IV. 23F): 122 (1920)
    • in Schott & Endl., Melet. Bot.: 17 (1832)


    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.