Skip to main content

Kalanchoe is a tropical, succulent plant genus from Africa and Madagascar and was first described by the French botanist Michel Adanson (1727-1806), who worked extensively on the African flora.

Kalanchoe schimperiana

[FTEA]

Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb (0.2–)0.4–1 m. high; stem glandular-pubescent or glabrous below, pubescent above.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade ovate to suborbicular, up to 11 cm. long, 10 cm. wide, apex obtuse, base abruptly contracted into the petiole, margins crenate to crenate-serrate, glandular pubescent, sometimes sparsely so or ?glabrous; petiole up to 3 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 20 cm. long, densely glandular-hairy, sticky; pedicels 5–20 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes lanceolate, 10–30 mm. long, 3–6 mm. wide, nearly free or connate for up to 1 mm. at the base, densely glandular-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, glandular-pubescent; tube 50–65 mm. long; lobes oblong-ovate to broadly obovate, (10–)15–20 mm. long, 8–14 mm. wide, mucronate (mucro ± 2 mm. long).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Anthers with apical glands; episepalous stamens 1–5 mm. included within the corolla tube; anthers oblong, ± 2.3 mm. long, 1.3 mm. wide; epipetalous stamens with anthers partly or entirely exserted, anthers oblong, ± 2 mm. long, 1.2 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary scales linear-subulate, 3.5–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels oblong-lanceolate, 18–22 mm. long, attentuated into styles 32–40 mm. long.
Habitat
On rocks; 900–2100 m.
Distribution
T3 T6

[KSP]

Kew Species Profiles

General Description
Kalanchoe schimperiana is a leafy succulent, less commonly cultivated than other species in this genus, appreciated for its attractive flowers in early spring.

Kalanchoe is a tropical, succulent plant genus from Africa and Madagascar and was first described by the French botanist Michel Adanson (1727-1806), who worked extensively on the African flora.

Kalanchoe schimperiana was first described in 1848 by Achille Richard (1794-1852), who attempted a flora of Abyssinia (now Ethiopia). The specific name commemorates the German botanist, Georg Heinrich Wilhelm Schimper (1804-1878), who lived in Ethiopia from 1836 onwards.

Species Profile
Geography and distribution

Kalanchoe schimperiana is found in eastern and north-eastern tropical Africa: in Eritrea, Ethiopia (Galla Highlands and Adowa district), eastern Tanzania and Yemen.

Description

Overview:  This leafy, succulent shrub can grow up to 100 cm high. 

Leaves:  Its fleshy green leaves are opposite, ovate and slightly hairy on both surfaces and grow up to 12 cm long.

Flowers: Are 7.5-9.0 cm long with a green tube and white lobes and carried in a central cluster in February and March.

Seeds: Dark brown or black.

Threats and conservation

Kalanchoe schimperiana was formerly published as Rare (R) in 1992 (and re-published as such in 1998) according to earlier IUCN criteria. It has not been re-evaluated according to current IUCN Red List criteria.

Uses

Kalanchoe schimperiana is grown as an ornamental.

Cultivation

Several species of Kalanchoe are grown as conservatory plants in northern Europe, but Kalanchoe schimperiana is less commonly cultivated than most. It is appreciated for its attractive flowers in the early spring. Propagation is by seeds or cuttings taken in spring.

This species at Kew

Kalanchoe schimperiana is growing in the Princess of Wales Conservatory in the dry climate section.

Pressed and dried, and alcohol-preserved specimens of Kalanchoe schimperiana are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers from around the world, by appointment. The details of some of these, including images, can be seen online in the Herbarium Catalogue.

Distribution
Ethiopia, Tanzania, Yemen
Ecology
Rocky places.
Conservation
Previously assessed as Rare (R) according to former IUCN criteria. Not evaluated according to recent IUCN Red List criteria.
Hazards

None known.

[KSP]
Use
Ornamental.

Native to:

Eritrea, Ethiopia

Kalanchoe schimperiana A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
13862.000
14440.000
Marnier-Lapostelle 29047.268
Jones [4624], Ethiopia 29047.310
Schimper [388], Ethiopia K000232780 isotype
Schimper [388], Ethiopia K000232781 Unknown type material
K000232782

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 310 (1848)

Accepted by

  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1987). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Crassulaceae: 1-66.

Literature

Kew Species Profiles

  • Brummitt, R. K. & Powell, C. E. (1996). Authors of Plant Names. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Phillips, R. & Rix, M. (1997). Conservatory and Indoor Plants. Vol.1. Pan Books, London.
  • Raadts, E. (1977). The Genus Kalanchoe (Crassulaceae) in Tropical East Africa. Willdenowia 8: 101-157
  • The Plant List (2010). Kalanchoe schimperiana.
  • Walter, K. S. & Gillett, H. J. (eds) (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. IUCN – The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Wickens, G. E. (1987). Crassulaceae. In: Polhill, R. M. (ed) Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Wood, J. R. I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 285 (1915).
  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 310 (1848).
  • Britten in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 391 (1871).
  • Cuf. in Webbia 19: 717 (1965).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 169 (1954), excl. syn. K. neumannii.
  • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr: 231 (1892).
  • Jacobsen, Lex. Succ. Pl.: 289 (1974).
  • Raadts in Willdenowia 8: 148 (1977).
  • Raym.-Hamet & Marn.-Lap. in Archiv. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. 7, 8: 88, photo. 32/110, 33/111 (1964).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Species Profiles
Kew Species Profiles
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0