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This species is accepted, and its native range is Socotra (incl. Abd al Kuri), NE. Tanzania, Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous pruinose perennial or sometimes annual; stem erect or sometimes decumbent at the base, 0.2–1.2(–2) m. high, simple or sometimes with a branch near the base.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade oblong to oblong-lanceolate, spathulate or triangular, (1–)2.5–4(–8.5) cm. long, (0.5–)1.5–2.5(–5.5) cm. wide, apex acute to obtuse, base cuneate, margins entire to shallowly crenate sometimes ± deeply 3-lobed (but not in E. Africa); petiole 0.3–1.2 cm. long (elsewhere lower and median leaves sometimes peltate with petiole 1.7–4.7 cm. long), subcylindrical, not broadened at the base, slightly constricted at the point of attachment and easily detachable from the stem.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a paniculate cyme up to 20(–48) cm. long; pedicels 2–5(–8) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes lanceolate or triangular, (0.5–)1–2 mm. long, 0.8–1.1 mm. wide, acute, connate at the base for 0.1–1 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla red or orange-red, yellowish to greenish in the lower part of the tube; tube (6–)7–10 mm. long, twisted in the upper part during fruiting and colour fading; lobes lanceolate or elliptic, (2.5–)4–5 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide, very acute but not apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included within the corolla-tube; anthers with small apical glands, both episepalous and epipetalous ones broadly oblong, (0.3–)0.5–0.7(–0.8) mm. long, 0.4–0.5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary scales linear-subulate, 1–2.5(–3.5) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels linear-lanceolate, 4–6(–7) mm. long, terminating in styles 0.3–1 mm. long.
Habitat
Bushland; 500–700 m.
Distribution
T3

[FZ]

Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
A completely glabrous, 0·2-2 m. high, perennial (or sometimes annual) plant, succulent, sometimes with sterile small-leaved shoots at the base.
Morphology Stem
Stems 1-(2), usually simple or sometimes with a branch near the base, rarely branched above, 2-5(8) mm. in diameter below, rather slender above, erect, terete, smooth, glaucous, often leafless after anthesis, sometimes several floriferous stems from a prostrate base of a main stem; nodes not or slightly raised.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ± spreading to erect, at least the lower ones petiolate, condensate towards the base of stem, ± scattered upwards, caducous; lamina 1-5(8·5) x (0·5)0-7-2·5(5·5) cm., usually small, succulent but not very fleshy, rather thin to nearly translucent on drying, pale green to glaucous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers erect, in usually loose cymes (sometimes reduced to 1-2 flowers), grouped in a corymb- or panicle-like or sometimes thyrsoid inflorescence, usually small (2-14 x 3·5-10 cm.), sometimes attaining 37(38) cm. in length; main branches of inflorescence up to 8 pairs, slender, erect, floriferous only at the extremity, the lower ones up to 27 cm. long; pedicels of dichotomies 2·5-8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1·5-2·5(3) mm. long; sepals 0·8-1 mm. broad at the base, lanceolate or triangular, acute, nearly free, rigid on drying, caducous at fruiting time.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 10-12(13) mm. long; tube up to 4 mm. in diameter and ovoid to subglobose in the lower 2/3, contracted above the carpels into a narrower cylindrical-tubular portion twisted at fruiting-time, pale glaucous to green at the base, bright pink to scarlet above, turning pale pink to hyaline and bursting easily in fruit; lobes 2·5-4(5) x 1-1·25(1·5) mm., lanceolate to elliptic, subfalcate, very acute (but not apiculate), twisted at the apex, bright pink, orange, salmon to dull red or brick.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments 0·75-1·25 mm. long; anthers 0·3-0·4(0·5) mm., ovate, dark red, included, the upper ones just below the base of the corolla-limb.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles 4·25-6·75 mm. long, dark red; styles 0·3-0·5 m. long.

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Socotra, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

Kalanchoe rotundifolia (Haw.) Haw. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Smith, A.R., Yemen 30364.000
South Africa Kalanchoe guillauminii 39341.000

First published in Philos. Mag. J. 67: 31 (1825)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Smith, G.F., Figueiredo, E. & van Wyk, A.E. (2019). Kalanchoe [Crassulaceae] in southern Africa: 1-328. Academic Press, Elsevier.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1987). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Crassulaceae: 1-66.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. in Ref. Bot. 4, t. 244 (1871).
  • Berger in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 18a: 406 (1930).
  • DC., Prodr. 3: 384 (1828).
  • Haw. in Philos. Mag. Journ. 66: 31 (1825).
  • Jacobsen, Lex. Succ. Pl.: 289 (1974).
  • R. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 7: 60 (1983).
  • Raadts in Willdenowia 8: 120 (1977), excl. specim. Pfennig 1184.
  • Raym.-Hamet & Marn.-Lap. in Archiv. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. 7, 8: 87, photo. 32/108 & 109 (1964).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0