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This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 150 - 2700 m.; Amazonia.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Alt. 150 - 2700 m.
Distribution
Introduced and naturalised in Colombia.
Vernacular
Lou gawou, fey choche, zeb maltet.

[FZ]

Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
A completely glabrous perennial, succulent plant.
Morphology Stem
Stem up to 2 m. long, erect or ascending, stout, terete, simple, spotted or striped with red, sometimes with sterile shoots at the base.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves decussate, imparipinnate, sometimes some or all of them reduced to the terminal leaflet; lamina 6–20 x 4–12 cm.; leaflets 3–5, circular, ovate or ovate–oblong to oblong–spathulate, the terminal one the largest, obtuse, broadly crenate, doubly crenate or crenate–dentate at the margin, usually contracted at the base or sometimes attenuate into a petiolule, flat, green with violet lines on the upper side; petiole 2–10 cm. long, semi–amplexicaul.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pendulous, in cymes grouped in terminal, ample loose panicles; pedicels 10–25 mm. long, slender, divaricate, reflexed at the extremity.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx broadly cylindric–tubular, sunk at the base, green, sometimes striped with red or red–violet; calyx–tube 21–31 mm. long; lobes 7–10·5 x 7–11·25 mm., deltate to subsemiorbicular, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla longer than the calyx; tube 25–40 mm. long, suburceolate–8–angled at the base, constricted above the carpels and then elongate–tubular–4–angled, green below, bright red or purple upwards; corolla–lobes 9–14 x 4·3–6·5 mm., deltate, abruptly acuminate, very acute, spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens slightly exserted; filaments inserted below the middle of the corolla–tube; anthers 2·6–3 x 1·6–2·2 mm., ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles 12–14 mm. long, ovoid, connate at the base for 2·2–3·5 mm., attenuate into the styles; styles 22·5–30 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 0·8 x 0·35 mm., obovoid, obtuse.
Morphology General Scales
Scales 1·8–2·6 x 1·4–1·8, subquad–rate, obtuse or emarginate at the apex.

[FTEA]

Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Succulent perennial herb, probably rhizomatous up to 2 m. high; stems branched from the base, somewhat woody at the base, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite and decussate, in adult plants only present in the upper parts, ± leafless at anthesis; lower leaves simple, upper often 3- or 5-foliate; leaf-blade oblong-oval up to 9 cm. long and 5 cm. broad, possibly larger, apex obtuse, base cuneate to truncate, margin crenate, sometimes obscurely so, glabrous; leaflets of compound leaves similar to simple leaf; petiole ± 3 cm. long for simple leaves, up to 6 cm. and more for compound leaves, semi-amplexicaul.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a lax terminal cyme; leaves of inflorescence similar to the foliage leaves but smaller, lower 3–5-foliate, simple above and on the ultimate branches; pedicels slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cylindrical; tube up to 25 mm. long, 8 mm. diameter, slightly indented at the base, green with longitudinal reddish mottlings near the base, green above; lobes ovate-triangular, 7–10 mm. long, abruptly acuminate, persistent in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla cylindrical, green below, red above; tube 30 mm. long, strongly constricted ± 8 mm. from the base, markedly 8-fluted and gibbous below the constriction, sparsely glandular-pubescent, especially near the base; lobes oblong-ovate, ± 10 mm. long and 6 mm. broad, abruptly long-acuminate, recurved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments adnate to the corolla-tube below the constriction, free for 25–27 mm.; anthers oblong, 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary scales subrectangular, ± 2 mm. long, 1.7 mm. broad, adhering to the base of the carpels, yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels oblong-ovoid, up to 10 mm. long, free or slightly connate at the base; style slender, 27–30 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid-oblong, ± 0.5 mm. long, obscurely longitudinally striate.
Figures
Fig. 5.
Habitat
Riverine, among rocks, also in shade of trees; ± 10–1600 m.
Distribution
K4 P T1 T2 T3 T6 U1 U4 Z widely distributed through tropical and southern Africa and the tropics generallystatus uncertain, may be native in Africa or possibly introduced long ago

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous, erect, perennial (0.2–)1–1.5(–3) m tall
Morphology Roots
Roots woody
Morphology Stem
Stem subsucculent, erect, little branched, ± terete
Morphology Leaves
Leaves succulent, simple or imparipinnate with 3–5 leaflets, elliptic, crenate, (40–)45–90(–130) × (16–)35–65(–90) mm, obtuse; plantlets arising from sides of crenations; petioles (15–)20–50(–82) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid, 20–30 × 6–27 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts foliaceous, simple or 3–foliolate, 20–35(–43) × 3–9(–14) mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels slender, 5–15 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pendulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cylindrical, green ± tinged red, 27–37 × 12–17 mm; lobes triangular, reddish, 6–11 × 6–9 mm, acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 35–53 × 8–15 mm, narrowly constricted above the ovary, remainder narrowly urceolate, 1.3 × calyx; tube green, tinged red, 21–40 × 8–15 mm; lobes narrowly triangular to ovate, red or purple, 7–13 × 4–6 mm, acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments inserted in lower half of corolla tube, reaching the mouth; anthers exserted
Morphology General Scales
Scales oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 41 × 4 mm; style 1.8 × ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, angular, minutely ridged.
Ecology
Coastal rocks to mountain forest, from sea level to 1800 m.
Distribution
Cultivated. lca: Baghdad, Sahira C. 586.
Note
Pantropical; probably distributed through its cultivation as an ornamental and for the saponins in its leaves.

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Native to:

Cook Is., Madagascar

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Ascension, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Line Is., Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marcus I., Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wake I., Windward Is., Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Leaf of life, tree of life, air plant
Spanish
Colombiana, patriota, hoja del soldado, bruja, hoja santa, espíritu santo, hoja del aire, planta de la vida, air plant, centaura.

Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Wallich, N. [7205] Bryophyllum calycinum K000838479
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7205], India Bryophyllum calycinum K001126906
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7205] Bryophyllum calycinum K001126908
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7205], Myanmar Bryophyllum calycinum K001126909
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India Bryophyllum calycinum K000838478 syntype
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7205] Bryophyllum calycinum K001126904
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7205] Bryophyllum calycinum K001126907
s.coll. [Cat. no. 7205], India Bryophyllum calycinum K001126905
Brenan, J.P.M. [8740], Nigeria Bryophyllum pinnatum 16154.000

First published in Syn. Pl. 1: 446 (1805)

Accepted by

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1987). Flora of Bhutan 1(3): 466-834. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Sachet, M.-H. (1969). List of vascular flora of Rangiroa Atoll Research Bulletin 125: 33-44.
  • Smith, G.F., Figueiredo, E. & van Wyk, A.E. (2019). Kalanchoe [Crassulaceae] in southern Africa: 1-328. Academic Press, Elsevier.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1948-1954). Flora Malesiana 4: 1-631. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vascular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Not accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]
  • Hurrell, J.A. & al. (2012). Bryophyllum (Crassulaceae): especies ornamentales naturalizadas en la Argentina Bonplandia. Corrientes 21: 169-181. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]

Literature

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Bernal, R., Galeano, G., Rodríguez, A., Sarmiento, H. & Gutiérrez, M. (2017). Nombres comunes de las plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 3: 1-634. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
  • Buragohain, S. & Sarma, G.C. (2009). The exotic weeds of Guwahati, Assam and their role in employment generation Pleione 3(1): 45-49.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Christopherson, E. (1935). Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
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  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Hallé, N. (1983). Végétation de l'île Rurutu et additions au catalogue de la flore des îles Australes Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 5(2): 141-150.
  • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
  • Hurrell, J.A. & al. (2012). Bryophyllum (Crassulaceae): especies ornamentales naturalizadas en la Argentina Bonplandia. Corrientes 21: 169-181.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
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  • Smith, G.F., Figueiredo, E. & van Wyk, A.E. (2019). Kalanchoe [Crassulaceae] in southern Africa: 1-328. Academic Press, Elsevier.
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  • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vascular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1987). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Crassulaceae: 1-66.
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Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
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