1. Family: Crassulaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Kalanchoe Adans.
      1. Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    A completely glabrous perennial, succulent plant.
    Stem
    Stem up to 2 m. long, erect or ascending, stout, terete, simple, spotted or striped with red, sometimes with sterile shoots at the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves decussate, imparipinnate, sometimes some or all of them reduced to the terminal leaflet; lamina 6–20 x 4–12 cm.; leaflets 3–5, circular, ovate or ovate–oblong to oblong–spathulate, the terminal one the largest, obtuse, broadly crenate, doubly crenate or crenate–dentate at the margin, usually contracted at the base or sometimes attenuate into a petiolule, flat, green with violet lines on the upper side; petiole 2–10 cm. long, semi–amplexicaul.
    Flowers
    Flowers pendulous, in cymes grouped in terminal, ample loose panicles; pedicels 10–25 mm. long, slender, divaricate, reflexed at the extremity.
    Calyx
    Calyx broadly cylindric–tubular, sunk at the base, green, sometimes striped with red or red–violet; calyx–tube 21–31 mm. long; lobes 7–10·5 x 7–11·25 mm., deltate to subsemiorbicular, acute.
    Corolla
    Corolla longer than the calyx; tube 25–40 mm. long, suburceolate–8–angled at the base, constricted above the carpels and then elongate–tubular–4–angled, green below, bright red or purple upwards; corolla–lobes 9–14 x 4·3–6·5 mm., deltate, abruptly acuminate, very acute, spreading.
    Stamens
    Stamens slightly exserted; filaments inserted below the middle of the corolla–tube; anthers 2·6–3 x 1·6–2·2 mm., ovate.
    Fruits
    Follicles 12–14 mm. long, ovoid, connate at the base for 2·2–3·5 mm., attenuate into the styles; styles 22·5–30 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 0·8 x 0·35 mm., obovoid, obtuse.
    Scales
    Scales 1·8–2·6 x 1·4–1·8, subquad–rate, obtuse or emarginate at the apex.
    [FTEA]

    Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Succulent perennial herb, probably rhizomatous up to 2 m. high; stems branched from the base, somewhat woody at the base, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite and decussate, in adult plants only present in the upper parts, ± leafless at anthesis; lower leaves simple, upper often 3- or 5-foliate; leaf-blade oblong-oval up to 9 cm. long and 5 cm. broad, possibly larger, apex obtuse, base cuneate to truncate, margin crenate, sometimes obscurely so, glabrous; leaflets of compound leaves similar to simple leaf; petiole ± 3 cm. long for simple leaves, up to 6 cm. and more for compound leaves, semi-amplexicaul.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a lax terminal cyme; leaves of inflorescence similar to the foliage leaves but smaller, lower 3–5-foliate, simple above and on the ultimate branches; pedicels slender.
    Calyx
    Calyx cylindrical; tube up to 25 mm. long, 8 mm. diameter, slightly indented at the base, green with longitudinal reddish mottlings near the base, green above; lobes ovate-triangular, 7–10 mm. long, abruptly acuminate, persistent in fruit.
    Corolla
    Corolla cylindrical, green below, red above; tube 30 mm. long, strongly constricted ± 8 mm. from the base, markedly 8-fluted and gibbous below the constriction, sparsely glandular-pubescent, especially near the base; lobes oblong-ovate, ± 10 mm. long and 6 mm. broad, abruptly long-acuminate, recurved.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments adnate to the corolla-tube below the constriction, free for 25–27 mm.; anthers oblong, 3 mm. long.
    Nectaries
    Nectary scales subrectangular, ± 2 mm. long, 1.7 mm. broad, adhering to the base of the carpels, yellow.
    Carpels
    Carpels oblong-ovoid, up to 10 mm. long, free or slightly connate at the base; style slender, 27–30 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid-oblong, ± 0.5 mm. long, obscurely longitudinally striate.
    Figures
    Fig. 5.
    Habitat
    Riverine, among rocks, also in shade of trees; ± 10–1600 m.
    Distribution
    K4 P T1 T2 T3 T6 U1 U4 Z widely distributed through tropical and southern Africa and the tropics generallystatus uncertain, may be native in Africa or possibly introduced long ago

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cook Is., Madagascar

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Ascension, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marcus I., Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Uganda, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Syn. Pl. 1: 446 (1805)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

    Not accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]
    • Hurrell, J.A. & al. (2012). Bryophyllum (Crassulaceae): especies ornamentales naturalizadas en la Argentina Bonplandia. Corrientes 21: 169-181. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Bryophyllum pinnatum.]

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    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [A] © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [B] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0