1. Family: Crassulaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Kalanchoe Adans.
      1. Kalanchoe lanceolata (Forssk.) Pers.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, SW. Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent.

    [FZ]

    Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Annual or biennial succulent viscid herb, 11·5-150 cm. high (incl. the inflorescence).
    Stem
    Stem erect, usually simple, rarely furcate or branched above the base, 3-15 mm. thick below, 4-gonous to narrowly winged or subterete and with 4 longitudinal raised lines, green or whitish on drying, glabrous or sparsely hairy below, more densely and with longer hairs above, the hairs slender, soft, spreading, up to 3 mm. long, minutely capitate-glandular; internodes 1-8·5 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-23(30) x 0·7-9 cm., obovate, obovate-oblong to narrowly oblong- or linear-lanceolate, obtuse to acute, entire or sinuate to crenate or sometimes irregularly shallow-lobed, sessile, connate (sheath up to 0·5 cm.) or the uppermost free, decurrent, glabrous to shortly glandular-hairy, succulent but not thickly fleshy, flat, papery to membranous and yellowish-green on drying.
    Flowers
    Flowers erect in ± long cymes grouped in panicle- or thyrse-like inflorescences up to 50 cm. long or sometimes reduced to the terminal group and then corymbose; internodes of inflorescences ± long, the lower ones up to 12·5 cm. long; branches of inflorescences up to 20 cm. long, erect, in the axils of leaf-like bracts, glandular-hairy; pedicels 1·5-3 mm. long, glandular-hairy.
    Calyx
    Calyx (4)5-7(9) mm. long, rounded at the base, green, glandular-hairy; tube less than 5 to slightly more than 1/3 of the total calyx length; sepals up to 3·5 mm. broad at base, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, attenuate-cuspidate, pale green, glandular-hairy on both sides.
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube (8)9-14 mm. long, 4-gonous in the part included into the calyx, contracted above the ovary in a slender subcylindrical tubular portion, then suddenly dilatate below the limb, membranaceous, pale yellow or pale pink, pilose and matt outside, somewhat shining and glabrous inside, somewhat innate and slightly rigid in fruit, splitting ready above the follicles and falling off; corolla-lobes 3-6 x 1·7-3·5(4) mm., obovate or broadly ovate, abruptly apiculate (apicule ± 0·75 mm.), rarely attenuate, pale yellow or greenish yellow to deep yellow, salmon, scarlet or deep orange.
    Stamens
    Stamens included, insertedd above the middle of corolla-tube; filaments of lower stamens 0·5 mm., those of the upper ones 1·5 mm. long; anthers 0·5-0·75 mm. long, ovate, pale yellow, the upper ones c. 1·75-2 mm. below the mouth of corolla-tube.
    Fruits
    Follicles 5-8 mm. long, fusiform, attenuate above, pale; styles 0·5-0·75 mm. long.
    Scales
    Scales 2·5-4·5 mm. long, linear.
    Seeds
    Seeds 0·5-0·75 mm. long, clavate, with longitudinal raised lines.
    [FWTA]

    Crassulaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    A herb, to 4 ft. high
    Ecology
    Amongst rocks
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow to salmon-pink.
    [FTEA]

    Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Glabrous or glandular-pubescent annual or perennial herb, sometimes viscid, 0.2–1.5(–2) m. high; stem usually simple, rarely branched, usually 4-angled or ± narrowly winged at the base, glabrous below, glabrous or glandular-pubescent above.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, obovate, oblong-obovate to narrowly oblong or lanceolate, up to 15(–30) cm. long, 6(–9) cm. wide, apex acute or obtuse, base decurrent and semiamplexicaul, margins entire or sinuate to bluntly serrate or crenate, glabrous or shortly glandular-pubescent, papery to membranous, light to fresh green.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence up to 35(–50) cm. long, glandular-pubescent; pedicels 1–3(–10) mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes ovate, ovate-lanceolate or oblong-elliptic, 2.5–13 mm. long, 1.5–4.5 mm. wide, attenuate-cuspidate, connate at the base for 1–8(–11) mm., glandular-pubescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla salmon-pink, orange-yellow or yellow, greenish yellow or pale green in the lower part of the tube; tube 8–15 mm. long; lobes obovate or broadly ovate, 2–6.5 mm. long, (1.1–)1.5–3.5(–4) mm. wide, distinctly mucronate (mucro 0.7–0.8 mm. long).
    Stamens
    Stamens included within the corolla-tube; episepalous stamens 1–2 mm. below the epipetalous stamens; epipetalous stamens mostly up to 2.5 mm. included, rarely with the tip attaining the throat of the tube; anthers without apical glands or with globular or cylindrical projections which may be glands, both whorls nearly the same size, broadly oblong, (0.55–)0.7–0.8 mm. long, 0.4–0.55 mm. wide.
    Nectaries
    Nectary scales linear, 2.5–4.5 mm. long.
    Carpels
    Carpels fusiform, (5–) 6–9 mm. long, terminating in styles 0.5–1 (–1.5) mm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 7.
    Habitat
    Open woodland, wooded grassland and grassy places, on sandy, loamy and heavy clay soils or on rocky ground, rarely epiphytic on trees; 250–2000 m.
    Distribution
    West Africa from Guinée to Cameroun eastwards to Ethiopia and Somalia, K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bangladesh, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Kalanchoe

    Kalanchoe lanceolata (Forssk.) Pers. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 3, 2008 Crawford, F. [42], Namibia K000450442
    Apr 1, 1997 Zapfack, L. [1120], Cameroon K000337867
    Apr 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [826], Cameroon K000337865
    Apr 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [796], Cameroon K000337869
    Apr 1, 1997 Buzgo, M. [656], Cameroon K000337868
    Jan 1, 1976 Welwitsch [2485], Angola K000232731 isotype
    Jan 1, 1976 Welwitsch [2484], Angola K000232732 isotype
    Jan 1, 1976 Ellacombe [s.n.], Zambia K000232733 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1976 Ellacombe [s.n.], Zambia K000232734 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1976 Carson, A. [3], Tanzania K000232736 holotype
    Jan 1, 1963 Brown, N.E. [s.n.] K000232765 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1963 Schimper [637 (in part)], Ethiopia K000232766
    Jan 1, 1963 Schimper [904], Ethiopia K000232767 isotype
    Jan 1, 1963 Holst, C. [8907], Tanzania K000232737 isotype
    Gillett, J.B. [13519], Kenya 8517.000
    Dawkins, H.C. [641], Uganda 10529.000
    Hepper, F.N. [6165], Yemen 39093.000
    Hepper, F.N. [6165], Yemen 43441.000
    Baron, R. [4319], Madagascar Kalanchoe brachycalyx K000232882
    Baron, R. [4319], Madagascar Kalanchoe brachycalyx K000232883
    Greenway, P.J. [7974], Zambia Kalanchoe ellacombei 782.000
    Mar 30, 2007 Röttler, J.P. [s.n.] Cotyledon hirsuta K000739532 syntype
    Mar 30, 2007 Röttler, J.P. [s.n.] Cotyledon hirsuta K000739534

    First published in Syn. Pl. 1: 446 (1805)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1987). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Crassulaceae: 1-66.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 280.
    • Berger in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 18A: 406 (1930).
    • R. Hamet in Bull. Herb. Boiss. Sér. 2, 8: 32 (1908)
    • Syn. 1: 446 (1805)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Wickens, G.E. (1987). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Crassulaceae: 1-66.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • R. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 7: 42, t. 6 (1983).
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. Kenya: 31, photo. 155 (1982).
    • R. Fernandes in Consp. Fl. Angol., Fam. 70: 17 (1982)
    • R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 53: 381 (1980).
    • Raadts in Willdenowia 8: 139 (1977).
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 107 (1974).
    • Jacobsen, Lex. Succ. Pl.: 286 (1974).
    • Greenway & FitzGerald in Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 28 (130): 5 (1972).
    • Cuf. in Webbia 19: 728 (1965).
    • Raym.-Hamet & Marn.-Lap. in Archiv. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. 7, 8: 77, photo. 26/86 & 27/87–88 (1964).
    • Morton in Comptes Rendu 4 Réun. AETFAT: 392, map 2 (1962).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 168 (1954).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 118 (1954).
    • Toussaint in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 564 (1951).
    • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 180 (1950).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 79 (1950).
    • Hutch. & Bruce in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1941: 88 (1941).
    • Berger in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 18a: 406 (1930).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3: 285 (1915).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 1 (1): 121, 122, 136 (1910)
    • Raym.-Hamet in Bull. Herb. Boiss., sér. 2, 8: 32 (1908).
    • DC., Prodr. 3: 395 (1828).
    • Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 446 (1805).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/