1. Family: Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh.
    1. Myrsine L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific, Southern America, Australasia, Northern America and Asia-Temperate.

    [FZ]

    Myrsinaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Stamens
    Stamens included in or exceeding corolla; filaments present, inserted at base of corolla, often on a glandular ring; anthers dehiscing by slits.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous, ovoid or ellipsoid; style well developed; stigma large, discoid, often with incised margins; placenta with few ovules in 1 row.
    Fruits
    Fruit a globose 1–seeded fleshy drupe with crustaceous endocarp.
    Seeds
    Seed subglobose, with ruminate endosperm.
    Habit
    Dioecious trees and shrubs with leaves very often serrate or crenate.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4–5–merous, borne in few–flowered axillary fascicles.
    Calyx
    Sepals free or shortly connate at the base, marked with resin–dots, the margins usually ciliate.
    Corolla
    Petals almost free or connate to the middle, marked with resin–dots, usually ciliate at the margin.
    [FTEA]

    Myrsinaceae, P. Halliday. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Shrubs or small trees, ♂, ♀ or hermaphrodite; twigs slender, variably pubescent
    Leaves
    Leaves glabrous, entire, crenate or serrate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary few-flowered clusters; peduncles very short, bract-covered; flowers pedicellate, 4-5-merous, gland-dotted
    Calyx
    Sepals free or united at base, margins usually ciliate
    Corolla
    Corolla-lobes erect, imbricate, margins often finely erose and speckled
    Stamens
    Stamens shorter to longer than the petals; filaments united at base into a collar which is adnate to the corolla-tube; anthers dorsifixed, free, usually apiculate, dehiscing by longitudinal slits
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, globose or ovoid; ovules few to many in 1 row on the placenta; style short or sometimes exceeding petals; stigma large, discoid-capitate, lobed to fimbriate
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry, small, fleshy, globose, 1-seeded with persistent calyx
    Seeds
    Seed globose, covered by remains of placenta; embryo transverse, often curved.
    [FZ]

    Myrsinaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Trees and shrubs, glabrous or pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves entire or very rarely dentate, often lepidote.
    Flowers
    Flowers borne in fascicles on very short lateral branches, 4–5(6–7)–merous, hermaphrodite or more usually unisexual, species often dioecious.
    Calyx
    Sepals free or shortly connate, often ciliate at the margin and marked with resin–dots or lines.
    Corolla
    Petals almost free or connate up to 4/5 their length, often papillose at the margin, often marked with dots or lines.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted in the throat of the corolla; filaments absent, the anthers sessile, dehiscing by slits.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose or ellipsoid; style short or absent; stigma variable in shape, elongated, scutate or capitate, often lobed or mor–chelliform; placenta with few ovules in 1 row.
    Fruits
    Fruit dry or fleshy, 1–seeded, with hard endocarp.
    Seeds
    Seed subglobose with a basal cavity at point of attachment, the endosperm ruminate (in F.Z. species) or smooth.
    [FTEA]

    Myrsinaceae, P. Halliday. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, hermaphrodite or dioecious, glabrous or pubescent
    Leaves
    Leaves rhododendron-like, coriaceous, often scaly and clustered at ends of branches, shortly petiolate, obovate, oblong to oblanceolate, with or without gland-dots and/or visible translucent streaks, entire or very rarely toothed or spiny
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary (often in axils of fallen leaves), umbellate, small, with numerous scaly bracts
    Flowers
    Flowers small, (4-)5-6(-7)-merous, streaked with dark lines, pedicellate
    Calyx
    Sepals united at base into short tube, imbricate or valvate
    Corolla
    Petals recurved, rarely erect, united, usually for 1/3, occasionally more or less
    Stamens
    Stamens attached at throat of corolla; anthers±sessile, oblong to triangular, introrse, splitting longitudinally, exserted, often adnate to corolla in bud
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, globose to ovoid; placenta with few ovules, scattered or uniseriate; style short; stigma variable in shape
    Fruits
    Fruit dry or fleshy, globose, often striate, with persistent style-base and calyx, 1-seeded
    Seeds
    Seed globose, smooth, intruded at base; endosperm horny, rarely ruminate; embryo elongate, transverse, often curved.

    Images

    Distribution

    Found In:

    Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Chatham Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Marquesas, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced Into:

    Great Britain

    Myrsine L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 7450] K001127351
    Sequeira, V., Ecuador 58789.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 196 (1753)

    Literature

    • [1] Sp. Pl. 1: 196 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    [A] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    [B] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2017). Published on the internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp
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    [D] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0