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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Yemen.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Erect soft-wooded shrub up to 2(–4) m high
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, obovate, 4.5–10 x 2–6 cm, cuneate at the base, obtuse to shortly acuminate at the apex, glabrous, glaucous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers erect at first, later pendulous, in a glandular-pubescent pedunculate cyme
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes ovate-triangular, 5.5–7 mm long, acute, united for c. 2 mm, reflexed and eventually basally circumscissile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-tube 8–13(–15) mm long, swollen at the base; lobes 13–17 mm long, acute, reflexed, red or yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens hairy at base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong-ovoid, c. 1 mm long, striate.
Distribution
N1, ?3 East Africa, Zimbabwe, South Africa (Transvaal), Yemen
Ecology
Altitude range 1300–1740 m.
Vernacular
Mantarar, mantera (Somali).

[FTEA]

Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Succulent perennial herb to 2.3(–3) m. high, possibly rhizomatous (see Glover & Samuel 3305; further observations required); stems solitary or several, simple or branched, glabrous, woody at the base.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves on new growth, opposite and decussate, up to 5 mm. between nodes, rarely to 17 mm., sessile, broadly to narrowly obovate or linear-lanceolate (in southern Africa), 4.5–10 cm. long, 2–6 cm. broad, apex obtuse, sometimes obtuse and shortly acuminate, base long or shortly cuneate, succulent, glaucous, median carina sometimes distinct, somewhat coriaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal, much-branched, subglobose, paniculate cyme; peduncle stout, up to 34 cm. long, with 1–2 pairs of subopposite early caducous leaf-like bracts at approximately one-third intervals; pedicels up to 4 cm. long, glandular-pubescent; bracteoles ± 0.5 mm. long, papery; flowers erect at first, later pendent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube hemispherical, ± 2 mm. long, becoming markedly indented at the base with age accompanied by a swelling of the pedicel at the junction with the calyx, glandular-pubescent; lobes ovate, up to 7 mm. long, 4 mm. broad, acute, persistent, glandular-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-tube tubular-urceolate, ± 15 mm. long, fluted, gibbous at the base; lobes linear-lanceolate, ± 15 mm. long, 3 mm. broad, acute, recurving with age, glandular-pubescent, greenish yellow or salmon-pink to crimson.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10; filaments slender, hairy near the base, free for 22 mm.; anthers oblong-ovate, 2 mm. long, 1–5 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary scales stoutly clavate, 4 mm. long, 3 mm. broad, obliquely truncate-depressed, projecting into the cavity formed by the gibbous corolla.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels ± 10 mm. long extending into the slender style; styles 15 mm. long, apex outwardly curved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, oblong-lancolate, 1 mm. long, longitudinally striate.
Figures
Fig. 9.
Habitat
Rocky hill slopes or termitaria in Acacia bushland; 1050–2400 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K6 T1 T2 T3 U1

[FZ]

Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx densely glandular–pubescent on the outside; tube 1–2 mm. long to absent; sepals 6–10 x 4–5 mm., ovate, ovate–oblong or triangular, acute or subacute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 2·5–3·7 cm. long, deep red, orange–red or coral–red (in F.Z. area), glandular–pubescent on the outside; tube c. 1·2–1·5 cm. long, rather swollen at the base and there 5–angled and subwinged at the angles, contracted above the sepals and thence subcylindrical; corolla–lobes c. 1·8–2 cm. long and ± 2 mm. broad, oblong–linear or linear–lanceolate, oblique at the apex, obtuse, apiculate, reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted; filaments c. 2·2 cm. long, dilatate and hairy at the base, the hairs long, dense; anthers c. 1·5 mm. and suborbicular or 2·25–2·5 x 1·25 mm. and oblong (the two anther–types present in flowers of a single inflorescence, sometimes even in one flower), yellow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles 1–6 cm. long, attenuate into the styles, glabrous; styles c. 9 mm. long, exserted; stigmas capitellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 0–6 mm. long, oblong.
Morphology General Scales
Scales 2·5–3 mm. long, oblong, tubular above, dilatate and irregularly lobed or cut at the margin.
Morphology General Habit
A succulent shrub up to 2(4) m. tall, forming clusters several feet across.
Morphology Stem
Stem strong, ascending, branching from the base, leafless like the branches nearly up to the peduncles, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves decussate, condensed to subrosulate at the end of sterile shoots and below the peduncles, obovate to oblong–obovate or subcircular, 2·5–10 x 3–6·5 cm., obtuse or rounded at the apex, entire and flat at the margin or the upper ones undulate,.sessile or contracted to attenuate into a terete petiole–base, or lanceolate to spathulate, shortly acuminate and acute, apiculate, or sometimes oblong to narrowly linear up to 16 cm. long and 3 mm. broad, flat, concave or channelled above, ± convex beneath, sometimes semi–terete, fleshy, rigid on drying, glabrous and glaucous tinged pink or red or whitish, or shortly glandular–pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence cymose, up to 20 cm. in diameter, many–flowered; peduncle 19–40 cm. long, terete, sparsely glandular–pubescent just below the inflorescence, glabrous lower down; pedicels 1–3·7 cm. long, shortly and densely glandular–pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pendulous.

Native to:

Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Cotyledon barbeyi Schweinf. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 30, 2011 Schweinfurth, G. [1493], Yemen K000739526 holotype
Aug 1, 2008 Mungai [3092/A], Kenya K000612507
Gillett, J.B. [13876], Kenya 11676.000
Greenway [10277], Tanzania 27633.000
Yemen 41139.000

First published in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 13: 624 (1893)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Wickens, G.E. (1987). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Crassulaceae: 1-66.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 280 (1915).
  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 104 (1974).
  • Bak. in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 13: 624 (1893).
  • Bally in Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 15: 11, photos. 7/3, 8/1 (1940).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 165 (1954).
  • Jacobsen, Lex. Succ. Pl.: 148, photo. 38/1 (1974).
  • R. Fernandes in Flora Zambesiaca 7: 71 (1983).
  • Schweinf. in Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4, App. 2: 196 (1896).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0