1. Family: Convolvulaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cuscuta L.
      1. Cuscuta australis R.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Old World.

    [FWTA]

    Convolvulaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Leafless parasitic twiner with very slender tangled stems bright yellow or reddish-orange in colour
    Flowers
    Flowers small, white
    Ecology
    Mostly on marsh plants.
    [FZ]

    Cuscutaceae, Maria Leonor Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 8:1. 1987

    Habit
    Stems medium thick up to 0·5 mm. in diam.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences rather loose to dense cymose and subglobose clusters.
    Flowers
    Flowers 2–3 mm. long and broad, accrescent in fruit, often somewhat glandular, subsessile, often obpyriform in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx about as long as the corolla tube; lobes broad, ovate-circular, obtuse, not overlapping.
    Corolla
    Corolla campanulate; lobes rounded, obtuse or somewhat triangular but blunt, shorter than or as long as the tube, erect to somewhat spreading.
    Stamens
    Stamens shorter than the corolla lobes; filaments usually very short and stout, more or less subulate; anthers broadly elliptic to subcircular.
    Scales
    Scales shorter than the tube, reaching nearly to the base of the filaments, much fringed apically, not bifid or variously bifid sometimes consisting of one fringed lobe on either side of the area of the corolla tube below the filaments.
    Ovary
    Ovary globose; styles stout, shorter than the ovary, divergent and intrastylar aperture large.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose or somewhat obpyriform, not splitting at base; intrastylar opening 1–1·5 mm. long, often almost circular.
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid to ovoid up to 1·5 mm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Convolvulaceae, B. Verdcourt (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1963

    Habit
    Stems fairly slender, up to 0.5 mm. in diameter.
    Flowers
    Flowers about 2 mm. long and broad (up to 3 mm. in fruit), arranged in rather loose to compact cymose clusters; pedicels shorter than the flowers.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes rounded, obtuse.
    Corolla
    Corolla-lobes rounded, obtuse or somewhat triangular but blunt.
    Stamens
    Stamens short up to 1 mm. long; filaments usually very short.
    Scales
    Scales reaching nearly to the base of the filaments, much fringed apically, not bifid, slightly bifid or completely bifid and then consisting of one fringed lobe on either side of the areas of the corolla-tube below the filaments.
    Style
    Styles about 0.5–1 mm. long, divergent.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, not splitting at base, drying a reddish-brown colour; intrastylar opening 1–1.5 mm. long, often almost circular.
    Seeds
    Seeds about 1.25 mm. long.
    Habitat
    In East Africa parasitic on swamp vegetation, e.g. Hydrocotyle and Polygonum, also on Glinus; 960–2100 m.
    Distribution
    widespread from the Sudan Republic to central and West Africathe TransvaalMadagascarthroughout Old World from southern Europe to Japan and Australia. K4 T2 T3 T4 T5 U1 U2 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Somalia

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, Botswana, Bulgaria, Cameroon, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Ethiopia, France, Ghana, Greece, Hainan, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Italy, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Manchuria, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Portugal, Qinghai, Queensland, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, South European Russi, Sudan, Sumatera, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Australia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia, Zambia

    Introduced into:

    Algeria, Central European Rus, Khabarovsk, Krym, Morocco, Primorye, Tunisia

    Cuscuta australis R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1937 Ridley, H.N. [9161], Peninsular Malaysia K000852575 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1937 Ridley, H.N. [9161], Peninsular Malaysia K000852576
    Jan 1, 1937 Schlechter, F.R.R. [18612], Papua New Guinea K000852574
    Ash [718], Ethiopia 36283.000
    H-ur-Rahman [2], Bangladesh 31021.000
    Brown, R. [s.n.], New South Wales K000852571
    Brown, R. [2789], Australia K000852573
    Beckler, H. [s.n.], New South Wales K000852572

    First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 491 (1810)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Johnson, R.W. (2012). Convolvulaceae Australian Plant Census Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria.
    • Costea, Mihai in Costea, M. (2011). emailed list of name & status changes Personal communication from M. Costea via email 15 Oct. 2011 re: name & status changes in Cuscuta.
    • Lisowski, S. in Lisowski, S. (2009). Convolvulaceae Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée: 136-145. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Getachew Aweke & S. Edwards (2006). 159B. Cuscutaceae Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 232-234. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. et al. in Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Convolvulaceae Flora of Somalia 3: 221-258. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lee, Yong No in Lee, Yong No (2002). Convolvulaceae Flora of Korea 1: 652-656. Kyo-Hak Publ. Co., Ltd.
    • Deroin, T. (2001). Convolvulaceae Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 171: 11-287. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
    • Meeuse, A.D.J. & W.G. Welman (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28: 1-138. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
    • Fang, R.-Z. & Staples, G. (1995). Convolvulaceae Flora of China 16: 271-325. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Yamazaki, T. (1993). Fl. Japan Convolvulaceae Flora of Japan IIIa: 195-205. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Gonçalves, M.L. (1987). Cuscutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(1): 130-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Butkov, A.Y. (1974). Cuscuta in Fl. USSR Flora of the USSR 19: 30-57. Science Publishers, Inc.
    • Valentine, D.H. et al. in Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Convolvulaceae Flora Europaea 3: 74-83. Cambridge University Press.
    • Yuncker, T.G. & Rechinger, K.H. (1964). Cuscutaceae for Flora Iranica Flora Iranica 8: 1-16. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-161.
    • Heine, H. in Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J.M. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Tropical Africa, second edition 2: 335-352 + 496. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations.
    • Ooststroom, S.J. van & R.D. Hoogland (1953). Convolvulaceae Flora Malesiana 4: 388-512. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
    • Yuncker, T.G. (1932). The genus Cuscuta Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 18: 113-331. New York Botanical Garden.

    Not accepted by

    • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain in Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Convolvulaceae Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 331-351. Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de la ville de Genève. [Cited as Cuscuta scandens Brot..]
    • Mill, R.R. (1999). Fl. Bhutan Cuscutaceae Flora of Bhutan 2(2): 862-865. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. [Cited as Cuscuta scandens Brot..]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Cuscuta scandens.]
    • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M., & Long, G. (1986). Med-checklist 3: Dicotyledones (Convolvulaceae - Labiatae) 3: 1-395. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Ville de Genève. [Cited as Cuscuta scandens.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Meeuse in Bothalia 6: 647 (1958).
    • Fl. Males., ser. 1, 4: 392
    • Verdcourt in E. Afr. Agric. Journ. 18: 85, 86
    • van Ooststr. in Blumea 3: 66 (1938)
    • Yuncker in Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 124, fig. 1
    • Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl, ed. 1, 491 (1810)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Johnson, R.W. (2012). Convolvulaceae Australian Plant Census Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria.
    • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain in Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Convolvulaceae Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 331-351. Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de la ville de Genève.
    • Getachew Aweke & S. Edwards (2006). 159B. Cuscutaceae Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 232-234. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. et al. in Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Convolvulaceae Flora of Somalia 3: 221-258. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Deroin, T. (2001). Convolvulaceae Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 171: 11-287. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
    • Meeuse, A.D.J. & W.G. Welman (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28: 1-138. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
    • Fang, R.-Z. & Staples, G. (1995). Convolvulaceae Flora of China 16: 271-325. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Yamazaki, T. (1993). Fl. Japan Convolvulaceae Flora of Japan IIIa: 195-205. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Gonçalves, M.L. (1987). Cuscutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(1): 130-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M., & Long, G. (1986). Med-checklist 3: Dicotyledones (Convolvulaceae - Labiatae) 3: 1-395. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques, Ville de Genève.
    • Plitmann, U. in Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Cuscutaceae Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 222-237. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Butkov, A.Y. (1974). Cuscuta in Fl. USSR Flora of the USSR 19: 30-57. Science Publishers, Inc.
    • Yuncker, T.G. & Rechinger, K.H. (1964). Cuscutaceae for Flora Iranica Flora Iranica 8: 1-16. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-161.
    • Heine, H. in Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J.M. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Tropical Africa, second edition 2: 335-352 + 496. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations.
    • Yuncker, T.G. (1932). The genus Cuscuta Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 18: 113-331. New York Botanical Garden.
    • Gagnepain & Courchet in H. Lecomte (1915). Flore Indo-Chine Convolvulaceae Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 4: 228-313.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Meeuse in Bothalia 6 : 647 (1958).
    • Verdc. in E. Afr. Agr. Journ. 18 : 85 (1953).
    • Yuncker in Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 18 : 124, fig. 1 (1932).
    • R. Br., Prodr. 1 : 491 (1810).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0