Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa to Pacific.
Dianella sp (Phormiaceae)

[FZ]

Hemerocallidaceae, C. Zimudzi & G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs (or subshrubs), glabrous, rhizomatous with aerial stems.
Morphology Roots
Roots thick, fibrous (or tuberous).
Morphology Stem
Aerial stems leafy, or lower leaves sometimes reduced to scale-like leaf sheaths.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves distichous, sometimes equitant with bases overlapping, evenly spaced, or ± crowded toward the base of a woody stem, ± stem-sheathing or not; lamina folded together lengthwise in the lower part and opened out in upper part (the adaxial surfaces of the folded lower part fused for part or nearly all of their width), or lamina opened out and ± flattened throughout, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a pedunculate panicle of loose cymes, with flowers pedicellate in raceme-like cymules, bracteate; peduncle simple, erect, ± flattened, glabrous, with leaf-like bracts; pedicels articulated immediately below the flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; perianth petaloid, segments (tepals) in 2 subequal whorls of 3, free, blue, purple or white, marcescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens in 2 whorls of 3; filaments glabrous, with a distal swelling (struma) adjacent to the base of the anther.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary superior, 3-locular; ovules 2-seriate, 2–many per locule, pendulous; placentation axile; style filiform; stigma minute, capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a berry, shiny blue, subspherical to oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds glossy black or brown, rarely dull, obliquely obovoid; testa smooth, never papillate.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Hainan, Hawaii, Japan, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Queensland, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tasmania, Thailand, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Victoria, Vietnam, Western Australia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Florida, Jamaica

Dianella Lam. ex Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Gen. Pl.: 41 (1789)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Clifford et al. in Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 3: 251 (1998).
  • Gen. Pl.: 41 (1789).
  • Henderson in Taxon 26: 131–137, 479 (1977)
  • J.G. Baker in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 574 (1875).
  • Schlittler in Blumea 6: 200–226 (1948).
  • in Fl. Austral. 45: 194 (1987).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0