1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Phlomis L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Central Asia and W. Himalaya.

    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Perennial herbs or small shrubs, usually with woody rhizomes and/or tubers at root tips, with branched and/or simple hairs, rarely with simple hairs only
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, entire or toothed, at least lower petiolate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence thyrsoid
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles present or sometimes absent, mostly long
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, lobes equal or sometimes unequal (3/2), mostly broad at base and abruptly narrowed to a narrow apex, often expanded at margins, sometimes obsolete or triangular-acuminate, mostly spinose
    Corolla
    Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), purple, pink or yellow, posterior lip long, hooded, often deeply concave, often bearded with simple hairs at margins
    Stamens
    Stamens not or only shortly exserted, posterior pair often with outgrowths near base, thecae confluent to sometimes weakly distinct
    Stigma
    Stigma-lobes unequal or sometimes equal
    Fruits
    Nutlets rounded or truncate at apex, glabrous or hairy at apex.
    Note
    2n = 12, 14, 20, 22, 40, 42.  Up to c. 100 species Adylov et al. (1986) believe that the predominantly Asiatic section Phlomoides, characterized by its rather shallowly hooded posterior lip of the corolla with a bearded margin, should be transferred to a
    Ecology
    Warm temperate, alpine and subtropical areas
    Distribution
    From Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean to Siberia, Korea, China, Nepal and Northern India.  Introduced to Macaronesia, Northeastern and Southwestern U.S.A. and New Zealand. Doubtfully present in the Arabian Peninsula

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Bulgaria, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Azores, Czechoslovakia, New Zealand South

    Phlomis L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 584 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Phlomitis Rchb. ex T.Nees, Gen. Fl. Germ. 2(7): 43 (1843).
    • Anemitis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 87 (1837).
    • Beloakon Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 87 (1837).
    • Blephiloma Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 95 (1837).
    • Hersilia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 88 (1837).
    • Trambis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 87 (1837).
    • Phlomidopsis Link, Handbuch 1: 479 (1829).
    • Phlomoides Moench, Methodus: 403 (1794).
    • Phlomis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 584 (1753).
    • Orlowia Gueldenst. ex Georgi, Beschr. Russ. Reich. 3(5): 1089 (1800).

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0