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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe, W. Asia.
Melittis melissophyllum

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, with simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate or rarely elongate, toothed, petiolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lax, thyrsoid, cymes up to 3-flowered, or sometimes racemoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx rather broadly obconical, 2-lipped (1/2), posterior lip large, entire or irregularly dentate, anterior lip of 2 broadly triangular-obtuse lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), large (25-40 mm long), white to purple with darker purple markings on anterior lip, posterior lip moderately long, entire, shallowly hooded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens not exserted from corolla, thecae distinct
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma-lobes short and subequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets rounded at apex, shallowly and irregularly reticulate, eglandular hairy.
Note
2n = (24), 30, 36.  One species, M. melissophyllum L.
Ecology
Mostly in forests
Distribution
Western, Central, Southern and Eastern Europe; Asia: Northern Turkey.

Native to:

Albania, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Corse, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

Extinct in:

Belgium

Melittis L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 597 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Klokov, Not. Syst. Leningrad 18: 183 (1957).
  • Melissophyllum Hill, Brit. Herb.: 367 (1756).
  • Melittis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 597 (1753)
  • Oenonea Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 430 (1897).

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0