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This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Tropical America.
Marsypianthes (Lamiaceae)

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Subshrubs or perennial herbs, often geoxylic, aromatic and glandular-viscid
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid, of axillary cymes, pedunculate or not Cymes 1-3- to many-flowered and then in spherical heads
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts present, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate to linear, in many-flowered cymes often forming a lax involucre
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles as bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers shortly pedicellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx infundibuliform, straight, actinomorphic, 5-lobed, often purple-tinged and sometimes conspicuously so, lobes equal, broadly to narrowly deltoid, apex acute to subulate, erect or connivent at first and often becoming spreading to reflexed in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), violet-blue, lilac or rarely cream, anterior lip with median lobe often much shorter than others, lateral lobes directed forward, tube cylindric, straight
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with-filaments hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style jointed, deciduous above, its persistent base fused to carpels along their inner face
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc well-developed, almost encircling ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets cymbiform, dorsally smooth, convex, ventral surface fused to style base, on separation concave with involute, laciniate margin, dorsal surface weakly mucilaginous.
Note
2n = 30.  Five to six species
Ecology
Savannas and coastal dunes
Distribution
Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina, with the weedy M. chamaedrys (Vahl) Kuntze from Mexico southwards and widespread in the neotropics.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Aruba, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Leeward Is., Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Marsypianthes Mart. ex Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Souza, V.C. [5647], Brazil K001226758
Harley, R.M. [54701], Brazil K001226755
Harley, R.M. [24117], Brazil K001226760
Souza, V.C. [5851], Brazil K001226757
Menezes, N.L. [10688], Brazil K001226763
Glaziou, A.F.M. [60408], Brazil K001226762
Ribas, O.S. [1395], Brazil K001226751
Harley, R.M. [54514], Brazil K001226754
Pirani, J.R. [1679], Brazil K001226759
Hatschbach, G. [69345], Brazil K001226753
Graziela [792], Brazil K001226761
Hatschbach, G. [71943], Brazil K001226752
Graziela [792], Brazil K001226756

First published in Labiat. Gen. Spec.: 64 (1833)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Epling, Rep. Spec. Nov. Beih. 85: 184-186 (1936), rev.
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Marsypianthes Mart. ex Benth., Labiatarum Genera et Species: 53, 64 (1833)
  • Marsypianthus Benth. (sphalm., 1833).

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0