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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Central Asia to Himalaya and China.
Eriophyton wallichii

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, densely lanate with simple hairs, with thick roots or rhizome
Morphology Leaves
Lower leaves scale-like, upper rhombic to orbicular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence rather densely? thyrsoid, cymes c. 3-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts large leaf-like, ± hiding cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles spiny
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers large (21-28 mm long)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx broadly campanulate, 5-lobed, lobes equal or subequal, ± spiny
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), purple or red, tube exannulate, posterior lip long and broad, hooded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens not exserted from corolla, filaments of posterior pair thickened at base, anthers hairy, thecae confluent to weakly distinct
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma lobes subequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets subtruncate at apex, smooth.
Note
One species, E. wallichii Benth.
Ecology
Alpine stony alluvial areas
Distribution
Tibet, Nepal, Northern India and Southern China (Yunnan).

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Malodorous, perennial herbs with woody rootstock, lanate-tomentose or tomentose with simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves shortly petiolate, very broad, often scale-like at base of plant, often congested above
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid with few-flowered cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles subulate, inconspicuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx weakly zygomorphic, 5-lobed, straight, lobes subequal, lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), large, purple, lanate, posterior lip long, hooded, emarginate, side-lobes of anterior lip emarginate, mid-lobe of anterior lip broadly obcordate-emarginate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens not or only shortly exserted from corolla, anthers ± hairy, thecae distinct
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma lobes equal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets large, triquetrous, glabrous or pubescent at apex, truncate.
Note
One to three species
Ecology
High alpine scree plants
Distribution
Central Asia, Eastern Afghanistan, Northern Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Western China (Xinjiang).

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs with short simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid with many-flowered cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx actinomorphic, obconical-campanulate, 5-lobed, lobes equal, triangular, spinescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), purplish to lilac-pink, posterior lip deeply hooded, erect, entire, densely villous, anterior lip with median lobe orbicular to obovate, reflexed, emarginate, much larger than lateral lobes, tube rather broad, sli
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, thecae distinct
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma-lobes subequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets oblong, triquetrous, apex obliquely truncate, glabrous.
Note
Four species
Ecology
Grassy meadows in mountainous areas
Distribution
Eastern Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Northern Pakistan, Western China (Xinjiang).

Native to:

Afghanistan, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Nepal, Pakistan, Qinghai, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang

Eriophyton Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Edwards's Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1289 (1829)

Accepted by

  • Bendiksby, M., Thorbek, L., Scheen, A.-C., Lindqvist, C. & Ryding, O. (2011). An updated phylogeny and classification of Lamiaceae subfamily Lamioideae Taxon 60: 471-484.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Eriophyton Benth., Edward's Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1289 (1829).
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0