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This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America.
Eriope (Lamiaceae)


Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs, subshrubs or herbs, often geoxylic, usually aromatic
Morphology Stem
Stems hairy, or in some species virgate, with setose hairs below and upper internodes glabrous, pruinose, fistulose, swollen
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid, racemoid, with cymes 1-flowered, pedunculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts inconspicuous, usually caducous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers ± sessile, but with bracteoles at base of calyx and appearing pedicellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles minute, persisent, paired
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx turbinate to campanulate, rarely tubular, weakly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (3/2), lobes subequal with posterior usually longer and connate, often ± obsolete in fruit, or rarely with posterior lobe larger and hygroscopic in fruit, throat sometimes closed by
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), violet or pink, anterior lip with median lobe with apex acuminate, margin fimbriate or toothed, lateral lobes directed forwards, corolla-tube widening above, usually constricted near base, dorsally gibbous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens filaments hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with stylopodium overtopping ovary; rarely absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc weakly 4-lobed, anterior lobe larger
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets slightly flattened to ovoid, rarely narrowly winged or triquetrous, usually mucilaginous.
2n = 20 (?40).  Circa 40 species
Mostly in savannas and mountains
Central and Eastern Brazil, but extending into neighbouring countries.

Native to:

Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, French Guiana, Paraguay, Venezuela

Eriope Humb. & Bonpl. ex Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Harley, R.M. [26495], Brazil 54781.000
Hind, D.J.N. [H50070], Brazil 58970.000
Hind, D.J.N. [H50068], Brazil 58995.000
Harley, R.M., Brazil 60206.000
Lima, A. [21111977], Brazil K001228107
Hatschbach, G. [70040], Brazil K001228108
Fernandes, A. [9981], Brazil K001228111
Furlan, A. [1355], Brazil K001228124
Harley, R.M. [24281], Brazil K001228139
Harley, R.M. [24281], Brazil K001228140
Menezes, N.L. [s.n.], Brazil K001228143
Farinaccio, M.A. [404], Brazil K001228121
Harley, R.M. [19959], Brazil K001228137
Fernandes, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001228105
Hatschbach, G. [71432], Brazil K001228106
Harley, R.M. [6547], Brazil K001228116
Menezes, N.L. [1474], Brazil K001228142
Romero, R. [1204], Brazil K001228125
Harley, R.M. [6547], Brazil K001228118
Souza, V.C. [5227], Brazil K001228144
Nakajima, J.N. [408], Brazil K001228122
Harley, R.M. [24281], Brazil K001228138
Harley, R.M. [11574], Brazil K001228114
Fernandes, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001228115
Hatschbach, G. [79480], Brazil K001228110
Lima, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001228132
Harley, R.M. [6547], Brazil K001228117
Harley, R.M. [15360], Brazil K001228129
Giulietti, A.M. [6151], Brazil K001228136
Pontes, A.F. [536], Brazil K001228120
Laurênio, A. [280], Brazil K001228113
Menezes, N.L. [s.n.], Brazil K001228141
Costa, F.N. [111], Brazil K001228119
Harley, R.M. [6324], Brazil K001228134
Hatschbach, G. [73567], Brazil K001228133
Hatschbach, G. [79455], Brazil K001228109
Glaziou [11306], Brazil K001228130
Hatschbach, G. [69617], Brazil K001228126
Hatschbach, G. [69500], Brazil K001228127
Lima, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001228131
Figueirêdo, L. [247], Brazil K001228112
Harley, R.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001228128
Harley, R.M. [14903], Brazil K001228145
Romero, R. [1212], Brazil K001228123
Harley, R.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001228135

First published in Labiat. Gen. Spec.: 142 (1833)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12:140 (1848)
  • Epling, Feddes Repert. Beih. 85: 188-195 (1936)
  • Eriope Bonpl. ex Benth., Labiatarum Genera et Species: 142 (1833)
  • Eriopidion Harley, Hooker's Icon. Pl. 38: 103 (1976).
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Harley, Hook. Ic. Pl. 38, 3: 1-107 (1976), rev.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.