Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Asia.
Elsholtzia ciliata

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, sometimes annual, subshrubs or shrubs, sometimes aromatic
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence often cylindrical or capitate, rarely secund, of 2- to several-flowered verticillasters in axils of bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts ovate, sometimes fused in pairs and flabellate (and often venose)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles present only in sect. aphanochilus, inconspicuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate to cylindrical, lobes subequal, or posterior sometimes shorter, throat glabrous within
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, yellowish or purplish, corolla-tube cylindrical or infundibular, usually longer than calyx, annulate or glabrous within
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, usually exserted, didynamous or not, ascending divergent, thecae divergent or divaricate, usually confluent at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style usually exserted beyond stamens, stigma-lobes often weakly clavate, rarely distinctly so, rarely unequal with posterior lobe shorter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets 4 or rarely 1 by abortion, ovoid to oblong, glabrous or sparsely hairy, tuberculate or smooth.
Note
2n = 16, 18, 20, 32.  About 40 species. Press (1982) recognizes three sections: Sect. Elsholtzia with spikes usually secund, bracts at least as broad as long, sometimes fused, membranous, veined, imbricate bracteoles absent; fruiting calyx sometimes accre
Distribution
Europe, Japan, China, Korea, introduced in Northern America.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Altay, Amur, Assam, Bangladesh, Buryatiya, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, East Himalaya, India, Irkutsk, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Manchuria, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Pakistan, Primorye, Qinghai, Sakhalin, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Tuva, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang

Introduced into:

Baltic States, Belarus, Central European Rus, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Germany, Maine, Manitoba, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Brunswick, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Poland, Québec, Romania, Sweden, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Yugoslavia

Elsholtzia Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Bot. Mag. (Römer & Usteri) 4(11): 3 (1790)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Aphanochilus Benth., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1282 (1829).
  • Cyclostegia Benth., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1282 (1829).
  • Elsholtzia Willd. In Roem. & Usteri, Bot. Mag. 11: 3 (1790)
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Paulseniella Briq., Bot. Tidsskr. 28: 246 (1907)., (1908).
  • Platyelasma Kitag. in T.Nakai, Rep. Exped. Manchoukou Sect. IV 2: 24 (1933).
  • Press, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Bot.) 10 (1): 1-89 (1982).

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0