1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Philodendron Schott
      1. Species: Philodendron hederaceum (Jacq.) Schott
        1. Philodendron hederaceum var. oxycardium (Schott) Croat

        This variety is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Honduras.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Internodes smooth, sometimes with 2 ridges or weakly angular on one side, semiglossy, 5--26 cm long, to 1 cm diam., usually longer than broad, drying greenish to pale brownish green; cataphylls 19 cm long, unribbed, green; LEAVES: petioles 8--23 cm long; blades broadly ovate, semiglossy, long-acuminate to abruptly acuminate at apex, cordate at base, 26--32 cm long, 18--22 cm wide (ca. 1.5 times longer than wide), 2.5--3 times longer than petiole, broadest near the middle, upper surface bright green, lower surface yellow-green; sinus narrowly triangular to closed, to 5 cm deep; basal veins 2--3 per side, with 1--2 free to base, and with the first and or second free to base, 2--3 coalesced to 1 cm; primary lateral veins 2--3 per side, departing midrib at a 45º angle. INFLORESCENCES (based on dried specimen) with peduncle 4 cm long, 7 mm diam.; spathe 14 cm long; spathe blade 6.5 cm long; spathe tube 7.5 cm long, spadix sessile, cylindrical, 12 cm long; pistillate portion 4 cm long; staminate portion 8 cm long; fertile staminate portion drying reddish brown.
    Distribution
    Apparently endemic to Mexico, known only from the Gulf slope in the states of Jalisco, Nayarit, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosí, and Veracruz.
    Habitat
    Principally in areas of Tropical moist forest.
    Phenology
    Flowering in Philodendron hederaceum var. oxycardium is poorly known. A single fertile collection was seen, with immature fruits in January.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest

    Philodendron hederaceum var. oxycardium (Schott) Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in R.H.A.Govaerts & D.G.Frodin, World Checkl. & Bibliogr. Araceae: 388 (2002)

    Accepted by

    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0