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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FTEA]

Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

Habit
Trees or shrubs, rarely subshrubs, secreting a yellow latex when cut
Leaves
Leaves opposite or sometimes subopposite or whorled, petiolate, entire, coriaceous or chartaceous, the venation usually ± prominent, often with translucent glandular canals and brownish resin canals; petiole often with a ± prominent ligulate appendage
Flowers
Flowers terminal or axillary, solitary or in few–many-flowered cymes, fascicles, racemes or panicles, fewer flowered in ♀ or hermaphrodite plants Male flowers: androecium of varied structure, mostly composed of 4(–5) fascicles of numerous stamens, each with filaments free or partially or completely fused together, the fascicles usually free in African species but in some extra-African ones the stamens can be totally joined to form a cup-like androecium; anthers occasionally transversely septate; sometimes with a whorl of sterile stamen bundles (“ fasciclodes ”) alternating with the stamen-bundles or forming a cushion in which the stamens are inserted, often interpreted as a fleshy cup-shaped 4–5-lobed or entire disc; ovary rudiment sometimes present Female and hermaphrodite flowers: 4(–5) stamen-bundles or staminode-bundles similar to ♂ flowers but smaller and with few members and sometimes with fasciclodes, free or fused together in a ring at the base of the ovary; ovary globose, 2–5(–12)-locular, each locule with 1 apical ovule; style usually absent; stigma ± sessile, broad, 2–5-lobed or entire, sometimes quite large and inflated, sticky
Calyx
Sepals 4, decussate, or sometimes 5, quincuncial, or 3, free
Corolla
Petals 4–5(–8), greenish white to yellow
Male
Male flowers: androecium of varied structure, mostly composed of 4(–5) fascicles of numerous stamens, each with filaments free or partially or completely fused together, the fascicles usually free in African species but in some extra-African ones the stamens can be totally joined to form a cup-like androecium; anthers occasionally transversely septate; sometimes with a whorl of sterile stamen bundles (“ fasciclodes ”) alternating with the stamen-bundles or forming a cushion in which the stamens are inserted, often interpreted as a fleshy cup-shaped 4–5-lobed or entire disc; ovary rudiment sometimes present
Female
Female and hermaphrodite flowers: 4(–5) stamen-bundles or staminode-bundles similar to ♂ flowers but smaller and with few members and sometimes with fasciclodes, free or fused together in a ring at the base of the ovary; ovary globose, 2–5(–12)-locular, each locule with 1 apical ovule; style usually absent; stigma ± sessile, broad, 2–5-lobed or entire, sometimes quite large and inflated, sticky
Fruits
Fruit a 1–4-seeded ± fleshy smooth or verrucose glabrous or puberulous berry, with large seeds coated in pulpy tissue.

[FZ]

Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Habit
Trees or shrubs, rarely shrublets, secreting a yellow latex.
Leaves
Leaves opposite, or sometimes subopposite or whorled, petiolate, entire, coriaceous, with venation usually ± prominent, often with translucent glandular canals and brownish resin canals; petiole with a ± prominent ligulate appendage.
Calyx
Sepals 4, decussate (or occasionally 5, quincuncial, or 3), free.
Corolla
Petals 4 (5), greenish-white to yellow.
Flowers
Male flowers with androecium of 4 (5) fascicles of stamens, each with filaments free or partially or completely fused together, the fascicles usually free in African species, with anthers sometimes transversely septate; and sometimes with a whorl of sterile stamen-fascicles ("fasciclodes") alternating with the stamen-fascicles or forming a cushion in which the stamens are inserted; ovary-vestige sometimes present. Female usually with 4 (5) stamen- or staminode-fascicles, similar to those of the male flowers but smaller and with fewer members, and sometimes with fasciclodes, free or fused together in a ring at the base of the ovary; ovary globular, 2–5 (12)-locular; loculi 1-ovulate; styles absent; stigma sessile, broad, 2–5-lobed or entire, sticky. Bisexual flowers like female. Flowers terminal or axillary, solitary or in few- to many-flowered cymes, fewer in the female or bisexual plants, dioecious or polygamous, rarely bisexual.
Fruits
Fruit a 1–4-seeded ± fleshy berry, with tough epidermis.
Seeds
Seeds large, arillate.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Habit
Trees or shrubs, with a yellow latex, polygamous
Leaves
Leaves opposite or whorled, leathery
Calyx
Sepals (3–)4(–5)
Corolla
Petals 4–5(–8)
Flowers
Male flowers mostly with 4(–5) bundles of many stamens Female and bisexual flowers with fewer stamens and a globose, 2–5(–12)-celled ovary, each cell with 1 apical ovule; style obsolete and the broad stigma ± sessile
Fruits
Fruit a 1–4-seeded berry, with large seeds coated in pulpy tissue.
Distribution
Some 400 species in the tropics.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Society Is.

Garcinia L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [1864], Cameroon K000197859
Nov 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [1865], Cameroon K000197861
Jul 1, 2002 Nwaga, D. [19], Cameroon K000026958
Jan 1, 1990 Thomas, D.W. [3306], Cameroon K000105263
Jan 1, 1990 Thomas, D.W. [2674], Cameroon K000105264
Thailand 46647.000
Brenan, J.P.M. [8428], Nigeria 22125.000
Ash [441], Ethiopia 6049.362
Thomas, D.W. [2675], Cameroon K000105265
Johns, R.J. [8765], Indonesia 72670.000
Milliken, W. [880], Indonesia 62753.000
Cheek, M. [9084], Cameroon 61668.000
Harris, D.J. [2370], Central African Republic 60051.000
Coode, M.J.E. [6907], Brunei 61309.000
Coode [6019], Indonesia 55477.000
Letouzey, R. [14052], Cameroon K000105262
DuPuy, B. [MB 393], Madagascar 63558.000
Davis, A.P. [1085], Madagascar 72949.000
Frodin, D.G. [2491], New Guinea 60075.000
Frodin, D.G. [2362A], New Guinea 63177.000
Etuge, M. [1657], Cameroon 63805.000
Utteridge, T.M.A. [315], Indonesia 70000.097
Walker, J.S. [DB046], Sulawesi 73336.000
Burgt, X.M. van der [664], Cameroon K000023275
Burgt, X.M. van der [912], Cameroon K000460346
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Assam K001132292
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], China K001132819
Pennington, R.T. [10], Bolivia Rheedia 57633.000
Pennington, T.D. [13229], Bolivia Rheedia 57453.000
Baron, R. [6994], Madagascar Rheedia K000380197

First published in Sp. Pl.: 443 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Nazre, M. & al. (2018). Taxonomic Revision of Garcinia Section Garcinia (Clusiaceae) Phytotaxa 373: 1-52.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & Dauby, G. (2012). Contribution to the taxonomy of Garcinia (Clusiaceae) in Africa, including two new species from Gabon and a key to the Lower Guinean species PhytoKeys 17: 41-62.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 164.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 202 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 443 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin & G. Moggi [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Pierre, Fl. Forest, Cochinchin. 1: Enum. Espèces du Genre Garcina I-XL, t. 54–83 (1882–83)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 202 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 443 (1753)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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