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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.
Sclerocarya birrea (marula)

[FZ]

Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes & A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Small or medium-sized trees.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, imparipinnate, crowded at the apex of the branchlets, petiolate; leaflets petiolulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers unisexual (sometimes bisexual?), shortly pedicellate, in axillary or terminal spike-like inflorescences (the female ones sometimes reduced), simple or with a few basal branches. Male flowers: stamens (8–10) 15–25(30) with subulate filaments; anthers oblong, dorsifixed; disk patelliform; pistillode absent. Female flowers slightly larger than the male ones, with sterile stamens ± developed; ovary subglobose, immersed in the disk, 2–3(4)-locular; styles 2–3, short, lateral; stigmas capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals and petals 4–5, imbricate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe obovoid-subglobose with fleshy mesocarp; endocarp thick, bony, 3-operculate at the apex, opercules ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2–3, obclavate, compressed, with papyraceous brownish testa; cotyledons plano-convex.

[FTEA]

Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

Morphology General Habit
Small or medium-sized dioecious trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, imparipinnate, crowded at the apex of the branchlets, petiolate; leaflets opposite, occasionally subopposite, sessile or petiolulate
sex Male
Male inflorescences axillary or subterminal condensed racemes, sometimes branched Male flowers: stamens 10–16(–26); filaments subulate; anthers oblong and dorsifixed; disk saucer-shaped; pistillode absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female inflorescences short, unbranched, with 1(–3) flowers at the tip Male inflorescences axillary or subterminal condensed racemes, sometimes branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers shortly pedicellate; sepals and petals 4–5, imbricate Female flowers slightly larger than ♂; staminodes sometimes with reduced apparently sterile anthers; ovary subglobose, immersed in the disk, 2–3(–4)-locular; styles (2–)3(–4), well separated, short and lateral; stigmas capitate Male flowers: stamens 10–16(–26); filaments subulate; anthers oblong and dorsifixed; disk saucer-shaped; pistillode absent
sex Female
Female flowers slightly larger than ♂; staminodes sometimes with reduced apparently sterile anthers; ovary subglobose, immersed in the disk, 2–3(–4)-locular; styles (2–)3(–4), well separated, short and lateral; stigmas capitate Female inflorescences short, unbranched, with 1(–3) flowers at the tip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe obovoid-subglobose with fleshy mesocarp; endocarp thick, bony, with (1–)3(–4) ovate opercules at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (1–)3(–4), obclavate, compressed, with papyraceous brownish testa; cotyledons plano-convex.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Sclerocarya Hochst. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Flora 27(Bes. Beil.): 1 (1844)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 449.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Flora, 27, Bes. Beil.: 1 (1844).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • in Flora 27, Bes. Beil: 1 (1844)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0