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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America.
Anacardium giganteum (Anacardiaceae)

[FZ]

Anacardiaceae, Rosette Fernandes & A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, sessile or petiolate, simple, entire, coriaceous, generally oblong-obovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers polygamo-dioecious, in corymbose terminal or subterminal panicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, imbricate, slightly connate at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, imbricate, reflexed, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 7–10, unequal, 1(2) fertile, the others sterile; filaments connate at the base; anthers dorsifixed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary free, sessile, obovoid or obcordate, 1-locular, with the ovule ascendent; style 1, with a capitate stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ± obliquely reniform, compressed, on the swollen pedicel; mesocarp oleaginous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds reniform with thick cotyledons.

[FTEA]

Anacardiaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, simple, sessile or petiolate, generally oblong-obovate, entire, coriaceous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in corymbose terminal or subterminal panicles, poygamo-dioecious
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, imbricate, slightly connate at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, imbricate, eflexed, caducous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 7–10, l(–2) fertile, the rest sterile (staminodes), unequal in length; filaments connate at the base; anthers dorsifixed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary free, sessile, obovoid or obcordate, unilocular, with the ovule ascendent; style 1, with a capitate stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit obliquely reniform, compressed, on the swollen pedicel; mesocarp oleaginous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds reniform with thick cotyledons.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, simple, entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in paniculate inflorescences, bisexual or male
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, slightly united at the base; petals 5, becoming reflexed, soon falling; fertile stamens 1(–2) plus up to 9 shorter staminodes; filaments united at the base; disk absent; ovary 1-celled; style 1 with a capitate stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes kidney-shaped, on a swollen pedicel.
Distribution
Some twenty species in tropical America, one of them, A. occidentale, widely cultivated in the tropics.

Native to:

Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, India, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Malaya, Marianas, Marquesas, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Puerto Rico, Senegal, Seychelles, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tuamotu, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Anacardium L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 383 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 1: 443.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 383 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 180 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 383 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 180 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 383 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0