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This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Ethiopia and S. Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Dryopteridaceae, JP Roux, M Shaffer-Fehre, B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

Type
Tanzania, Kilimandjaro, Dschagga, Kersten 46 (B, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial or epilithic.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome erect to suberect, short, up to 15 mm in diameter, with crowded stipe bases and ferrugineous subulate to lanceolate scales up to 30 × 4 mm, entire or with a few filiform outgrowths near apex
Morphology Leaves
Fronds tufted, arching, up to 1.5 m long.
Morphology Leaves Stipes
Stipe proximally castaneous, stramineous higher up, up to 82 cm long and 9 mm in diameter, proximally densely scaly, subglabrous higher up, scales ferrugineous to castaneous, filiform to broadly ovate, up to 40 × 9 mm, entire or with a few filiform outgrowths near base or apex, occasionally with a few scattered glands and short uniseriate hairs.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Lamina herbaceous, broadly ovate, up to 63 cm long, up to 4-pinnate-pinnatifid.
Morphology Leaves Rachis
Rachis stramineous, becoming narrowly winged towards apex, with sparse scales up to 6 × 3 mm, similar to, but smaller than those on stipe.
Morphology Leaves Pinnae
Pinnae with up to 14 stalked pairs, basal pair inaequilaterally ovate, ovate to lanceolate towards lamina apex, basal pair longest, basiscopically developed, up to 35 × 23 cm, with up to 12 stalked pinnule pairs; pinna-rachis often closely set with unicellular glandular hairs and scales, abaxially with sparse scales up to 4.5 × 2.7 mm, similar to, but smaller than those on rachis.
Morphology Leaves Pinnules
Pinnules ovate, acroscopic pinnule on basal pinnae up to 105 × 29 mm, basiscopic pinnule on basal pinnae up to 150 × 70 mm, with up to 9 stalked segment pairs; costa with sparse scales similar to, but smaller than those on pinna-rachis; segments petiolate, ovate, with up to 3 stalked ultimate segment pairs, spaced, basiscopic segment on the basal pinnule to 44 × 20 mm, acroscopic segment on basal pinnule up to 28 × 14 mm; ultimate segments oblongobtuse, deeply lobed, lobes serrate to obtusely dentate, glabrous adaxially, abaxially glabrous or often with glands along veins, with isocytic hairs, and scales to 1.5 × 0.7 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Sori
Sori circular, inframedial, discrete at maturity, to 1 mm in diameter; sporangium stalk simple, glandular, or rarely with a pluricellular uniseriate hair; indusium brown, firmly herbaceous, reniform, entire or glandular along margin (rarely also on surface), up to 1 mm in diameter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Spores
Spores with low tubercules and/or long reticulate ridges, minutely rugulose to minutely scabrous, 32–42 × 20–26 mm.
Figures
Figure 13: 2, p40
Ecology
Wet montane forests, swamp forests, bamboo zone and giant heath zone; (1150–)1850–2700(–3500) m
Conservation
Widespread; least concern (LC)
Note
Vida, in Helv. Chim. Acta 56: 2129 (1973) report the species as diploid: 2n = ± 82.
Distribution
Flora districts: U2 U3 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 T7 Range: Burundi, Cameroon, Congo-Kinshasa, Ethiopia, Sudan, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe

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[FTEA]
Use
None recorded for our area

Native to:

Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Dryopteris kilemensis (Kuhn) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1930 Last, J.T. [s.n.], Mozambique K001089686 Unknown type material
Last, J.T. [s.n.], Mozambique K001089685 holotype

First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 813 (1891)

Accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • J.P. Roux, Conspect. southern Afr. Pterid.: 124 (2001).
  • U.K.W.F. ed.2: 36, t. 175 (1994);
  • Burrows, S. Afr. Ferns: 303, t. 51/ 4, fig. 71/ 308, map (1990)
  • B.J.B.B. 55: 157 (1985)
  • Jacobsen, Ferns S. Afr.: 438, fig. 329, map 161 (1983)
  • Schelpe & Diniz, Fl. Moçamb., Pterid: 239 (1979)
  • Expl. Hydrobiol. Bassin L. Bangweolo & Luapula, 8(3), Ptérid.: 90 (1973)
  • Schelpe, F.Z., Pterid.: 222 (1970)
  • Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 813 (1891), as kilmensis

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0