Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs, tufted or cushion-forming, with branched rhizome
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose or nearly so, compressed below, sometimes subcylindric
Morphology Leaves
Leaves distichous.
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Sheaths persistent, ligule a line of hairs; blades deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence paniculate with clusters of spikelets on peduncles emerging from the axils of the leaves up the culm. Spikes several to many in axillary and terminal, bracteate, peduncled fascicles, or these rarely (C. virgata) in sessile clusters, composed of several–many unisexual and bisexual spikelets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles glume-like, embracing or shortly sheathing at the base, aristate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets male or bisexual, composed of 4–5 distichous glumes, lower 2 empty and small, the upper 2–3 subtending male flowers, or 1–2 female and 1–2 male flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower parts loosely surrounded by a trigonous, sac-like membranous utricle. Male flower with 3 stamens (not always visible)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary basal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style situated in the upper beak-like portion of the utricle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 3, exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth apically reduced to tufts of erect, hair-like structures surrounding the base of the utricle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet subcylindric or compressedtrigonous, long-beaked.

Native to:

Angola, Cameroon, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Coleochloa Gilly appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Rehmann, A. [4469], South Africa Eriospora K000363533

First published in Brittonia 5: 12 (1943)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Nelmes in Kew Bull. 8: 374 (1953).
  • in Brittonia 5: 12 (1943)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Brittonia 5: 12 (1943)
  • K.B. 8: 374 (1953)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0