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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, S. Japan, New Guinea to New Zealand, S. South America.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Perennials, robust, rhizomatous, often mat-forming
Morphology Culms
Culms tufted, the base often covered with fibrous remains of old leaf sheaths
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle with clusters of spikelets on peduncles emerging from the axils of the leaves up the culm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets solitary or few to many in dense clusters at the end of primary branches, lanceolate to ovoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes 3–7 per spikelet, 1–2 lowest glumes scale-like, followed by 3 empty, upper 1–2 glumes with bisexual flowers Glumes distichous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 6, bristle-like, upwardly scabrid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (2–)3, conspicuously greenish yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet lanceolate to elliptic, trigonous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style base and perianth bristles persistent Style with 3 branches
Note
15 species; Old World and Chile.

Native to:

Antipodean Is., Argentina South, Cape Provinces, Chile South, Free State, Japan, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mauritius, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Réunion, Tasmania, Uganda, Victoria, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Carpha Banks & Sol. ex R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 230 (1810)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. p. 230 (1810)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0