Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Indian Subcontinent. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.
Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 500 - 1900 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Conservation
Least concern.
Distribution
Naturalised in Colombia.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 500 - 1900 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
bretónica, cordón de fraile, cuchillo de los Perdomo, tresbolas

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Leonotis, M Iwarsson & YB Harve. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Lectotype, chosen by Iwarsson, loc. cit. (1985): plate on p. 117 of Hermann, Horti Academi Lugduno-Batavi Catalogus (1687), figured from a plant raised from seeds originally from Surinam
Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial herb, (0.3–)1–3(–4.5) m high, with a single stem from a small (less than 10 cm long) taproot
Morphology Stem
Stem with internodes 2–15 cm long, usually repeatedly branching at the nodes below the inflorescence, green (brown at base), with short antrorse or retrorse hairs and sessile glands; usually with a tuft of 1–4 mm long, white or yellowish hairs on the upper half of the leaf nodes, occasionally extending a few cm above the node
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade ovate, (2.5–)5–20(–23) × (2–)4–15 cm, deeply crenate with 25–51 teeth from base to apex, apex acute to acuminate, base cuneate-attenuate to cordate, both surfaces laxly to densely covered with short hairs and sessile glands, lower surface more densely pubescent (especially on veins) and consequently more greyish green, with 6–10 lateral veins on either side, venation yellowish white; petiole (5–)30–80(–125) mm long, covered with appressed antrorse or retrorse hairs and sessile glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of (1–)2–5(–7) verticils per branch, usually spaced by prolonged internodes (50–)70–280 mm long; bracts narrowly lanceolate or absent, 25–90(–150) × 4–13 mm, acute, base attenuate, hairy like the leaves; bracteoles linear, (3–)7–15(–20) × 0.5–1.5 mm, acuminate, apically white, hairy like the leaves; verticils spherical to cylindrical, 30–67 mm in diameter, with ± 20–28 branches 2–16 mm long, with 9–18 buds per branch; pedicels 0.5–2 mm long (slightly extended in fruit), shortly pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 14–25 mm long at anthesis, slightly enlarged in fruit, 4–5.6 mm in diameter at mouth, 8(–10)-toothed, basally yellowish white and the distal half green, covered with short hairs, occasionally with a tuft of long, spreading hairs on the distal third, subglabrous in fruit, with sessile glands; mouth oblique; tube slightly bent dorsally; teeth deltate to narrowly triangular, apiculate; dorsal tooth 4–7(–11) mm long; lateral teeth 4, 1–3 mm long; ventral teeth 3, united at base forming a recurved anterior lip 4–7 mm long (including apiculate teeth 0.5–3 mm long), to 5 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 19–38 mm long, with orange or whitish yellow hairs; tube 9–20 mm long, widening at mouth, with 3 distinct hair fringes within (near base); posterior lip 10–20 mm long, with white (or occasionally orange) woolly hair enclosing anthers and stigma well developed; anterior lip 3-lobed, (3–)5–7 mm long, deflexed on the tube (but shrivelled and twisted), subglabrous, eglandular or with sessile glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets with a grey and brown marble-like, nonglossy, slightly waxy surface, 2.9–4.3 × 1.1–1.9 mm.

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Native to:

Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Aldabra, Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Canary Is., China South-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Jawa, Leeward Is., Malaya, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Seychelles, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, St.Helena, Sumatera, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Windward Is.

Spanish
Cordón de fraile.

Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2011 Daly, D. et al [8222], Brazil K000249985
Jan 1, 2011 Fonseca [659], Brazil K000735127
Jan 1, 2011 Bernacci [1309], Brazil K000735342
Jan 1, 2010 Madulid [27399], Philippines K000249645
Jan 1, 2009 David, B. [CL857], Cambodia K000855737
Jan 1, 2008 Marulanda [2152], Colombia K000248258
Jan 1, 2008 Carvalho-Sobrinho [502], Brazil K000248283
Jan 1, 2007 Kisena [1517], Tanzania K000479670
Feb 1, 2006 Barretto [00573], Brazil K000194136
Feb 1, 2006 Duarte [4139], Brazil K000194141
Feb 1, 2006 Yoshiizumi, R. [6359], Brazil K000194143
Feb 1, 2006 Barreto [20061], Brazil K000194147
Dec 1, 1994 Rosevear, D. R. [87/37], Cameroon K000025462
Jan 25, 1994 Garrett, H.B.G. [902], Thailand K000855740
Jan 25, 1994 Thorel [s.n.], Vietnam K000855743
Jan 1, 1994 Maitland, T.D. [0s.n.95], Cameroon K000025460
Jan 1, 1990 Frey [480], Bolivia K000509877
Jan 1, 1920 Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. [4840], Indonesia K000735304
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 2042] K001114967
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2042] K001114971
Pierre, L. [521A], Vietnam K000855738
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2042] K001114968
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2042] K001114970
Smitinand, T. [4878], Thailand K000855742
Koorders, S.H. [31849], Indonesia K000735303
Teruya, Z. [1564], Indonesia K000735302
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2042] K001114969
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2042] K001114972
Robinson, C.B. [1202], Vietnam K000855739
Kerr, A.F.G. [911], Thailand K000855744
Marran, A. [2279], Thailand K000855741
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2042] K001114973

First published in W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 3: 409 (1811)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Arbo, M.M. & al. (2018). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 20(1): 1-488. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
  • Baker, R.E.D. in Williams, R.O. (1955). Labiatae Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 2(6): 421-435. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Khanam, M. & Hassan, M.A. (2008). Lamiaceae Flora of Bangladesh 58: 1-161. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • Mabberley, D.J. & De Kok, R.P.J. (2004). Labiatae Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 25: 20-141. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Martínez-Gordillo, M. & al. (2019). Flora del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Lamiaceae: 1-233. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Morales, R. (2011). Les Labiadas (Lamiaceae) de Guinea Ecuatorial Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 68: 199-223.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
  • Verloove, F. (2013). New xenophytes from Gran Canaria (Canary islands, Spain), with emphasis on naturalised and (potentially) invasive species Collectanea Botanica 32: 59-82.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.or

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Baker, R.E.D. in Williams, R.O. (1955). Labiatae Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 2(6): 421-435. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.
  • Britton, N. (1918). Flora of Bermuda: 1-585. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Iwarsson, M. & Harvey, Y. (2003). Monograph of the genus Leonotis (Pers.) R.Br. (Lamiaceae) Kew Bulletin 58: 597-645.
  • Khanam, M. & Hassan, M.A. (2008). Lamiaceae Flora of Bangladesh 58: 1-161. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • Mabberley, D.J. & De Kok, R.P.J. (2004). Labiatae Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 25: 20-141. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Aiton, Hort. Kew., ed. 2, 3: 409 (1811)
  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr., ed. 2: 403, t. 432 (1992)
  • Bot. Mag. 65, t. 3700 (1839)
  • E.P. IV. 3a: 246 (1896)
  • F.P.N.A. 2: 155 (1947)
  • F.P.S. 3: 212 (1956)
  • F.P.U.: 152, fig. 96 (1962)
  • F.S.A. 28 (4): 37 (1985)
  • F.T.A. 5: 491 (1900)
  • F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 2: 470, fig. (1963)
  • Fl. Eth. 5: 549 (2006).
  • K.B. 58: 632 (2003)
  • K.T.S.L.: 628, fig. (1994)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 285 (1994)
  • U.O.P.Z.: 327, t. 329 (1949)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/