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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to S. China and Arabien Peninsula, Africa, SW. U.S.A. to NW. Mexico, Venezuela to Peru, Paraguay to NE. Argentina.

[FTEA]

Caryophyllaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves often apparently verticillate and with membranous stipules
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, in cymes terminating the numerous branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals keeled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals up to 5, entire or emarginate, shorter than the sepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3–5
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary unilocular, with numerous ovules; style with three stigmatic branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 3-valved.

[FZ]

Caryophyllaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, often in false whorls; stipules membranous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small in axillary or terminal cymes; bracts membranous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, with a broad green keel and membranous margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals up to 5, or occasionally absent, entire or emarginate, much shorter than the sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3–5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 1-locular, multiovulate; style short with 3 stigmatic arms.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 3-valved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual to perennial herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or seemingly in whorls of 4; stipules scarious
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers 5-merous in cymose clusters; bracts scarious
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals free, keeled, with scarious margins, ± hooded and acute-mucronate at the tip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals up to 5, short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary with many ovules; style 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule, dehiscing by 3 valves that elastically roll inwards and finally throw out the seeds
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± ovoid.
Distribution
Genus of maybe eight species, almost cosmopolitan.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Azores, Baleares, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Corse, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Hainan, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Kriti, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Liberia, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Northwest, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Switzerland, Tanzania, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Venezuela, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Argentina Northwest, Ascension, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, Czechoslovakia, Desventurados Is., Easter Is., Ecuador, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Haiti, Juan Fernández Is., KwaZulu-Natal, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Norfolk Is., Philippines, South Carolina, St.Helena, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Vietnam

Polycarpon Loefl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Ash [887], Ethiopia 37250.000

First published in C.Linnaeus, Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 881, 1360 (1759)

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 144.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 881 (1759).

Flora of Somalia

  • Kool, Bengtson & Thulin in Taxon 56: 775–782 (2007).
  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. G. Gilbert [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Syst., ed. 10, 881 (1759)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0