Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Dry Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula, India, Sri Lanka.

[FTEA]

Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Spreading shrub to small bushy tree 0.3–4.5(–6) m. tall, sometimes even said to be ± creeping; young shoots ridged, often pubescent, lenticellate, the innovations pale ferruginous pubescent; bark dark, grey or almost black, thick, corky, deeply longitudinally fissured; slash soft grey-brown outer area and soft yellow-brown inner.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves nearly always opposite, rarely alternate on some shoots; blades oblong or narrowly oblong to oblong-elliptic, 0.9–7.5(–10) cm. long, 0.7–4(–5) cm. wide, rounded to slightly indented at the apex and ± mucronulate, rounded to cuneate at the base, entire or very slightly crenate towards the apex, slightly rough above with short white hairs and with longer white hairs beneath, often quite dense or with longer hairs on both surfaces; venation ± reticulate beneath; mostly subsessile or petiole up to 7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in ± sessile cymes or peduncle 0.8–1.5 cm. long; pedicels 0–1 mm. long becoming 4–5 mm. in fruit. Female:corolla-tube 3.5–5 mm. long; lobes 2–4.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide; filaments exserted 1.5 mm.; style 3 mm. long with branches 0.5–1.3 mm. long and stigmas 2–2.5 mm. long, well exserted. Male:corolla-lobes up to 6 mm. long; stamens exserted 3–5 mm.; style ± obsolete or if present then stigma not reaching the anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx densely adpressed pubescent or velvety, becoming glabrescent in fruiting stage; tube 3.5–4(–6.5) mm. long, shortly lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white.
sex Male
Male:corolla-lobes up to 6 mm. long; stamens exserted 3–5 mm.; style ± obsolete or if present then stigma not reaching the anthers.
sex Female
Female:corolla-tube 3.5–5 mm. long; lobes 2–4.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide; filaments exserted 1.5 mm.; style 3 mm. long with branches 0.5–1.3 mm. long and stigmas 2–2.5 mm. long, well exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit golden yellow or bright orange, ovoid with sharp beak-like style-base, 1–1.7 cm. long, 0.7–1 cm. wide, mucilaginous and edible; endocarps yellowish, ellipsoid, 6 mm. long, 4 mm. wide; fruiting calyx cupular, 9 mm. diameter.
Figures
Fig. 4/10, 11, p. 16.
Habitat
Grassland with scattered trees, Acacia-Commiphora, etc. bushland and thicket, lava desert, on black and red soils, never riverine; 60–1500 m.
Distribution
K1 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or bushy tree up to 4 m tall; young branchlets ± densely pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite; blade ovate-oblong to elliptic-oblong or rarely broadly ovate-oblong, 1.9–6.5(–9) x 1–4.5 cm, rounded to cuneate at the base, rounded to notched at the apex, entire to obscurely crenate, densely scabrid pubescent on both sides but particularly scabrid above; petiole up to 4.5(–7) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers scented, bisexual or functionally female, in dense scabrid pubescent inflorescences
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular-campanulate, 3.2–4 mm long, densely pubescent outside, 3–4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellowish, cream or white; tube 3.2–4 mm long; lobes 4
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with 1.5–2.5 mm long stigmatic branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Fruiting calyx
Fruiting calyx funnel-shaped, 4.5–4.7 x 7.7–9 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe orange when ripe, ovoid to globose or ellipsoid, 9–12.5 x 5–9 mm.
Distribution
N1, 3; C1, 2; S1–3
Ecology
Altitude range 0–800 m.
Vernacular
Mareer, mareer docol (Somali).
Note
Verdcourt in Fl. Trop. E. Afr. (1991) called this taxon C. quercifolia (type from Mozambique, lost) and extended its distribution into south-central tropical Africa. Warfa in Nord. J. Bot. 9: 962 (1990) uesd the name C. nevillii (type from Sri Lanka).

>

[FSOM]
Use
The fruits of C. nevillii are popular and often sold in markets.

Native to:

Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Cordia quercifolia Klotzsch appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1989 Neirll, H. [578], Sri Lanka Cordia nevillii K000998051 isotype
Headley, P.M. [223], Ethiopia Cordia nevillii 6049.055

First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 247 (1861)

Accepted by

  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Cordia sinensis.]
  • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Cordia sinensis.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Klotzsch in Peters, Reise Mossamb., Bot.: 247, t. 43 (1861).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0