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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula, India to Myanmar.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to 8 m tall; young branchlets with brownish pubescens
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate; blade broadly ovate, obovate or suborbicular, 2.5–9.5 x 1.9–6.7 cm, cuneate to rounded or subtruncate at the base, apiculate to rounded or often emarginate at the apex, entire to slightly crenate, usually very rough above, densely pubescent beneath; lateral veins usually reaching the margin of the leaf; petiole 10–25 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers fragrant, bisexual or rarely unisexual, in dense brownish pubescent inflorescences Male flowers with pistillode and female flowers with staminodes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular-campanulate, 4–8.5 mm long, often slightly sulcate, densely pubescent outside, 3–6(–7)-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pale yellow or cream; tube 4–9 mm long; lobes 4–5
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4–5, exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with 3–6 mm long stigmatic branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Fruiting calyx
Fruiting calyx funnel-shaped or cup-shaped, 6–11 x 7–13 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe yellow or orange when ripe, usually ovoid, 10–18 x 5–10 mm.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1–3 widespread in tropical Africa, also in tropical Asia.
Ecology
Altitude range 15–1400 m.
Vernacular
Mareer, mareer deylab, mareer docol (Somali).

[FTEA]

Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Much-branched spreading shrub or small tree branched from the base, 1.5–8(–15) m. tall; crown usually spreading; bark rather rough, grey, but sometimes smooth and flaking in long strips (see note); branches longitudinally striate, with ± ferruginous indumentum and often velvety when young, later glabrescent, with short internodes and prominent reniform or semicircular petiole-scars.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate; blades elliptic, ovate, obovate or ± rounded, (1–)2.5–8(–11 or –13 on coppice) cm. long, (1–)2–9 cm. wide, rounded, apiculate or often emarginate at the apex, less often acute, cuneate to rounded at the base, entire, denticulate or rarely distinctly repand-dentate, rugose and mostly very scabrid above with minute tubercle-based hairs together with sparse branched hairs, densely ± softly white pubescent beneath; venation reticulate beneath, often reddish; petiole (0.5–)1.2–5 cm. long, brownish tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers fragrant, hermaphrodite or unisexual in terminal or axillary panicles of cymes 2–6 cm. long, few-flowered, the axes fulvous-tomentose; pedicels articulate at the apex, 0.2–0.8(–3) mm. long. Male:filaments either 6 mm. long or 2–3 mm. long in what appears to be different forms; corolla and stamens 5(–6)-merous; gynoecium absent. Female and hermaphrodite :filaments 2–3 mm. long; corolla 4–5-merous; ovary ovoid, 3–3.5(–5) mm. long, 1.5–1.8 mm. wide, glabrous; style exserted, 6–10 mm. long; stigmatic branches 3–5 mm. long, recurved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular-campanulate, 6–8.5 mm. long, 5–8 mm. wide, tomentose outside with simple and branched hairs, glabrous or sparsely pubescent inside, 3–5-lobed or sometimes ± 2-lipped or irregularly torn.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla greenish white to pale yellow, 1–1.2 cm. wide; tube cylindric, 4–7 mm. long; lobes 3–5, oblong to narrowly obovate, 3.5–5.5(–6.5) mm. long, 1–2.5 mm. wide, spreading.
sex Male
Male:filaments either 6 mm. long or 2–3 mm. long in what appears to be different forms; corolla and stamens 5(–6)-merous; gynoecium absent.
sex Female and Hermaphrodite
Female and hermaphrodite :filaments 2–3 mm. long; corolla 4–5-merous; ovary ovoid, 3–3.5(–5) mm. long, 1.5–1.8 mm. wide, glabrous; style exserted, 6–10 mm. long; stigmatic branches 3–5 mm. long, recurved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits yellow or orange but also reported to be olive-black to black, ovoid or obovoid, 0.9–2 cm. long, 0.6–1.2 cm. wide, sitting in the persistent 1 cm. wide accrescent calyx, 3–4-locular but usually 1-seeded by abortion.
Figures
Fig. 4/2–4.
Habitat
Very catholic, from quite wet evergreen forest to Acacia woodland, Acacia-Commiphora bushland and Acacia-Euphorbia thicket in grassland, coastal thicket, etc., often riverine; 0–1825 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7

[FZ]

Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to 5(7) m. high; branchlets angular, usually rough and minutely fulvous-tomentose when young with stellate, ± branched or simple hairs, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate; petiole 0.5–2.5(3.5) cm. long, flat or slightly canaliculate above; lamina 3–10(14) x 2–8(10) cm., ovate, obovate or subcircular, sometimes elliptic, rough and sometimes also with some stellate or variously branched hairs above, densely pubescent to rough and often with stellate or branched hairs mainly on the nerves below, obtuse or rounded and sometimes shortly acuminate at apex, obtuse to truncate, rarely acute at base, with subentire, crenate to crenate-serrate margins, leathery and with 3–5 secondary nerves on each side of the midrib, the lower ones basal or nearly so and stronger than the other.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes arranged in usually few-flowered terminal or very rarely axillary panicles 1.5–5(7) cm. long; rhachis and branches minutely fulvous-tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers polygamous on pedicels up to 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 6–8 mm. long, narrowly campanulate or infundibuliform, irregularly 3–5-toothed, rough to minutely fulvous-tomentose outside, sparsely pubescent to glabrous inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, glabrous; tube 4–7 mm. long, cylindrical; lobes (4)5(6), 4–6(7) x 1 -2 mm., oblong to narrowly obovate, rounded at apex, reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (or staminodes) as many as the corolla lobes, inserted at the corolla-throat; filaments 1.5–4.0 mm. long, slender, glabrous or with a few long hairs at the base; anthers 1.5–2.0 mm. long on the male flowers and c. 1 mm. long on the female and male ones, but on the latter ones often almost sterile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary c. 2 mm. long, ovoid-conical, glabrous, on the male flowers vestigial; style 7–9 mm. in total length, first-forked at 1.5–3.5 mm. and with stigmatic branches 2.5–5.0 mm. long, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 15–22 x 10–15 mm., ovoid or ellipsoid, apiculate, glabrous, orange when ripe, surrounded at the lower third by the widely enlarged campanulate calyx; mesocarp fleshy; pyrene c. 10 x 7 mm., usually deeply cleft at the apex, ± circular in cut across, 1–3-seeded.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Mauritius

Cordia monoica Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 19, 2008 Crawford, F. [113], Namibia K000450290
Jan 1, 1988 Schimper [1218], Ethiopia K000418680 isolectotype
Jan 1, 1988 Schimper, W. [2180], Ethiopia K000418678 lectotype
Jan 1, 1988 Schimper, W. [s.n.], Ethiopia K000418679 syntype
Jan 1, 1916 Teijsmann, J.E. [s.n.], Jawa K000998041
Brummitt, R.K. [18529], Malawi K000282804
Heyne, B. [Cat. no. 891] Cordia polygama K001110181
s.coll. [Cat. no. 891] Cordia polygama K001110177
s.coll. [Cat. no. 891] Cordia polygama K001110178
s.coll. [Cat. no. 891], India Cordia polygama K001110179
s.coll. [Cat. no. 891], India Cordia polygama K001110180
s.coll. [Cat. no. 891] Cordia polygama K001110182
Ash [1211], Ethiopia Cordia ovalis 35797.000
Ash [326], Ethiopia Cordia ovalis 6049.333
Ash [305], Ethiopia Cordia ovalis 6049.399
Gomes e Sousa, A. [4550], Mozambique Cordia ovalis 7051.000

First published in Pl. Coromandel 1: 43 (1796)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Autrey, J.C., Bosser, J. & Ferguson, I.K. (eds.) (2005). Flore des Mascareignes 121-126: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
  • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Autrey, J.C., Bosser, J. & Ferguson, I.K. (eds.) (2005). Flore des Mascareignes 121-126: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by A. M. Warfa [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Martins in Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 65 (1990).
  • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 44: 166 (1989).
  • Warfa, Acta Univ. Upsal. 174, fig. 5/A, 6, 7/A (1988).
  • K. Mathew, Fl. Tamilnadu Carnatic 3: 999 (1983).
  • K. Mathew, Fl. Tamilnadu Carnatic 1: 268 (1981)
  • C.B. Cl. in Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 137 (1883).
  • DC., Prodr. 9: 479 (1845).
  • Roxb., Fl. Indica, ed Carey 2: 334 (1824).
  • Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 1: 43, t. 58 (1796)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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