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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.
Euphorbia hirta

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, usually prostrate, pilose with white appressed hairs interspersed by yellow spreading hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate, 1–4 x 0.5–2 cm, margin finely toothed, upper surface often blotched with purple; petiole 1–3.5 mm long; stipules linear, to 2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Cyathia 0.8 mm in diam.; glands minute, green to purplish, with minute entire white to pink appendages Cyathia in dense capitate cymes to 1.5 cm in diam. on peduncles 5–15 mm long, occasionally subtended by 1–2 leafy bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles bifid almost to the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule just exserted, acutely 3-lobed, 1 x 1.25 mm, pilose with short yellow appressed hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong-conical, 0.8 x 0.4 mm, with shallow transverse wrinkles, pinkish brown.
Distribution
N1; S1, 2 pantropical, native to central America.
Ecology
Altitude range 0–1370 m.
Vernacular
Geed caanood (Somali)

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, prostrate to ascending, with branches to 50 cm. long, the whole plant pilose, including the inflorescence and capsule, with minute white adpressed hairs interspersed by yellow spreading segmented hairs ± 1.5 mm. long principally on the branches and especially on younger growth.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate, 1–4 × 0.5–2 cm., base very obliquely rounded, apex subacute, margin finely toothed, upper surface sometimes almost glabrous, often blotched with purple especially in the region of the midrib; petiole to 3.5 mm. long; stipules linear, rarely laciniate on lush specimens, to 2.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia in dense capitate, terminal and axillary cymes to 15 mm. in diameter on peduncles to 15(–20) mm. long, occasionally subtended by 1–2 small leafy bracts ± 1 cm. long; cyathial peduncles to 1 mm. long; bracts deltoid, deeply laciniate to 1 mm. long. Cyathia ± 0.8 × 0.8 mm. with cup-shaped involucres, usually tinged with purple; glands 4, minute, elliptical, green or purplish, with minute entire white to pink appendages; lobes triangular, fimbriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers:bracteoles linear, fimbriate; stamens 1 mm. long. Female flower:ovary shortly pedicellate; styles 0.4 mm. long, spreading, bifid almost to the base, with thickened apices.
sex Male
Male flowers:bracteoles linear, fimbriate; stamens 1 mm. long.
sex Female
Female flower:ovary shortly pedicellate; styles 0.4 mm. long, spreading, bifid almost to the base, with thickened apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule just exserted on a pedicel 1 mm. long, acutely 3-lobed, with truncate base, 1 × 1.25 mm., pilose with short yellow adpressed hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong-conical, 0.8 × 0.4 mm., pinkish brown, with slight transverse wrinkles.
Habitat
Cultivated land, roadsides and waste places; 0–2000 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 a very common pantropical weed native to Central America

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2800 m.; Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, S. Carter & L.C. Leach. Flora Zambesiaca 9:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, prostrate to ascending, with branches to 50 cm long; whole plant pilose, including inflorescence and capsules, with minute white appressed hairs interspersed by yellow spreading segmented hairs c. 1.5 mm long principally on the branches and especially on younger growth.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with a petiole to 3.5 mm long; stipules to 2.5 mm long, linear, rarely laciniate on lush specimens; lamina 1–4 × 0.5–2 cm, ovate, apex subacute, base very obliquely rounded, margin finely toothed, upper surface sometimes almost glabrous, often blotched with purple especially in the region of the midrib.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes terminal and axillary, densely capitate to 15 mm diameter on peduncles to 15(20) mm long, occasionally subtended by 1–2 leaf-like bracts c. 1 cm long; cyathial peduncles to 1 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts to 1 mm long, deltoid, deeply laciniate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Cyathia
Cyathia c. 0.8 × 0.8 mm, with cup-shaped involucres, usually tinged purple; glands 4, minute, elliptical, green or purplish, with minute entire white to pink appendages; lobes triangular, fimbriate.
sex Male
Male flowers: bracteoles linear, fimbriate; stamens 1 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: ovary shortly pedicellate; styles 0.4 mm long, spreading, bifid almost to the base, with thickened apices. Male flowers: bracteoles linear, fimbriate; stamens 1 mm long.
sex Female
Female flower: ovary shortly pedicellate; styles 0.4 mm long, spreading, bifid almost to the base, with thickened apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule just exserted on a pedicel 1 mm long, 1 × 1.25 mm, acutely 3-lobed with truncate base, pilose with short yellow appressed hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 0.8 × 0.4 mm, oblong-conical with obscure transverse wrinkles, pinkish-brown.

[FWTA]

Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
An erect or decumbent herb, to 18 in. high, sometimes purple-tinged
Note
A common weed.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 0 - 2800 m.
Vernacular
Atu rui.

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Atu rui (Sikuani), Fiafianae (Sikuani), Tripa de pollo (Sikuani), Yerba de pollo (Sikuani)

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Central American Pac, Chile Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Mexico, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Southwest Caribbean, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Utah, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Arkansas, Ascension, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Cyprus, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, Hawaii, Howland-Baker Is., India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Laccadive Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Line Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Marcus I., Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mexican Pacific Is., Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., South China Sea, Sudan, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vietnam, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Dove milk
Spanish
Tripa de pollo, atu rui, yerba de pollo.

Euphorbia hirta L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2010 Darbyshire, I. [204], Cameroon K000683093
Jan 1, 2008 Pringle, C.G. [8730], Morelos K000476518
Jan 1, 2008 Hinton, G.B. [10909], Guerrero K000476523
Apr 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1785], Cameroon K000026642
Apr 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1598], Cameroon K000026643
Jan 1, 1987 Etuge, M. [374], Cameroon K000180547
Langalssé, E. [416], Mexico K000478123
Hinton, G.B. [4959], México State K000476520
Hinton, G.B. [9186], Guerrero K000476522
s.coll. [695], Brazil K001210492
Archer, W.A. [7673], Brazil K001210500
Harley, R.M. [21085], Brazil K001210519
Fevereiro, V.P.B. [M/150], Brazil K001210520
Hinton, G.B. [4959], México State K000476519
Irwin, H.S. [26256], Brazil K001210511
Pereira, M.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001210507
Burchell, W.J. [5719], Brazil K001210490
s.coll. [s.n.], Timor-Leste K001080166
Hutchinson, J. [135], Cameroon K000180552
Pringle, C.G. [11171], Morelos K000576525
Gardner, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001210495
Salzmann [s.n.], Brazil K001210488
Hinton, G.B. [757], México State K000476526
Pringle, C.G. [3190], San Luis Potosí K000476524
Glaziou, A.F.M. [4975], Brazil K001210501
Balée, W.L. [942], Brazil K001210509
s.coll. [534], Brazil K001210493
Dusén, P. [17052], Brazil K001210499
Irwin, H.S. [35061], Brazil K001210521
Ganev, W. [387], Brazil K001210510
Hinton, G.B. [195], México State K000476521
Cardoso, J. [47], Cape Verde K001035918
Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K001210498
Glaziou, A.F.M. [13187], Brazil K001210502
Teixeira, L.O.A. [396], Brazil K001210508
s.coll. [s.n.], Timor-Leste K001040201
Balls, E.K. [B4485], Mexico K000297337
Eiten, G. [10312], Brazil K001210517
Burchell, W.J. [s.n.], Brazil K001210505
Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001210489
Harley, R.M. [17461], Brazil K001210518
Teijsmann, J.E. [s.n.], Cocos (Keeling) Is. K001080167
s.coll. [s.n.] K001210506
Sobral, M. [4715], Brazil K001210487
Trail, J.W.H. [719], Brazil K001210504
Trail, J.W.H. [719], Brazil K001210503
Lanjouw, J. [1444], Suriname K001210496
Philcox, D. [4275], Brazil K001210512
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001210494
Moseley [s.n.], Brazil K001210491
Anderson, W.R. [37132], Brazil K001210516
Simpson, J.H. [464], Florida Euphorbia gemella K001080408 isotype

First published in Sp. Pl.: 454 (1753)

Accepted by

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Literature

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Kew Backbone Distributions

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  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lebrun, J.-P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes de la Mauritanie et du Sahara Occidental Boissiera 55: 1-322.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Parham, B.E.V. (1971). The Vegetation of the Tokelau Islands with special reference to the plants of Nukunonu Atoll New Zealand Journal of Botany 9: 576-609.
  • Reddy, G.V.P. (2011). Survey of invasive plants on Guam and identification of the 20 most widespread Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 41: 263-274.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistan Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Smith, A.C. (1981). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 2: 1-810. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Takeuchi, W. (2005). Floristic notes from a holocene successional environment in Papuasia Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 95-116.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Webb, C.J., Sykes, W.R & Garnock-Jones, P.J. (1988). Flora of New Zealand 4: 1-1365. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vascular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
  • Wu, Z.Y., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D.Y. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • da Silva, O.L.M., Cordeiro, I. & Caruzo, M.B.R. (2014). Synopsis of Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil Phytotaxa 181: 193-215.
  • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 221 (1974).
  • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 36 (1948).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 449 (1958).
  • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 112 (1962).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan2: 71 (1952).
  • Hadidi in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 43: 86 (1973).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 419 (1958).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 454 (1753).
  • N.E. Br. in Fl. Cap. 5(2): 249 (1915).
  • N.E. Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 496 (1911)
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  • S. Carter in KB. 39: 643 (1984).

Universidad Nacional de Colombia

  • Ortiz, F. (1989). Botánica médica guahibo. plantas medicinales, mágicas y psicotrópicas utilizadas por los sikuani y cuiba (llanos orientales de colombia). Caldasia 16 (76): 14-22

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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