1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Livistona R.Br.
      1. Livistona nitida Rodd

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Central Queensland.

    [PW]
    Vernacular
    Carnarvon Gorge Cabbage Palm. Dawson River Fan-Palm.
    Habitat
    Abundant along the margins of streams and flood plains, but also associated with sandstone cliffs and gorges, 100-650 m alt. Flowers Sep-Dec; fruits Nov-Mar.
    General Description
    Functionally dioecious palm. Trunk to 35 m tall, 25-40 cm dbh, leaf scars raised; internodes narrow, grey; petiole stubs persistent in the basal 1 m or so, otherwise deciduous. Leaves 35-50 in a globose crown; petiole 170- 200 cm long, 20-26 mm wide, adaxially ridged, margins distally smooth, proximally with single, curved, dark red spines; leaf-base fibres moderately prominent, coarse, disintegrating; lamina costapalmate, regularly segmented, ± circular in outline, 160-190 cm long, coriaceous, adaxially dark green, glossy, abaxially lighter green; lamina divided for 63-70% of its length, with 68-80 segments, depth of apical cleft 60-73% of the segment length, apical lobes pendulous; parallel veins ca 7 each side of midrib; transverse veins thinner than parallel veins. Inflorescences unbranched at the base, not sexually dimorphic, 150-200 cm long, not extending beyond the limit of the crown, branched to 4 orders; partial inflorescences 8-12; peduncular bract(s) lacking; rachis bracts loosely sheathing, densely scaly; rachillae 5-20 cm long, glabrous to papillose. Flowers solitary or in clusters of 2-5, funnel-shaped, 2-3.2 mm long, cream to yellow; sepals triangular, ca 1.5 mm long, fleshy, subacute; petals broadly ovate, 2.0-2.2 mm long, thick, fleshy, acute; stamens ca 1.6 mm long. Fruit globose, 13-20 mm diam., glossy jet black; epicarp with scattered lenticellular pores, suture line extends for ca ½ the length of the fruit, marked with lip-like structures; mesocarp fibrous, dry; endocarp thin, brittle; pedicel to 0.5 mm long. Seed globose, 10-12 mm wide. Eophyll 5-ribbed.
    Distribution
    Australia. Queensland. In the catchments of the Dawson, Comet and Burnett Rivers, and Carnarvon Gorge.
    Conservation
    Lower risk, conservation dependent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Queensland

    Livistona nitida Rodd appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rodd, A. [3054], Queensland K000209818 isotype
    Rodd, A. [3052], Australia K000209819
    Rodd, A. [3051], Australia K000209820
    Rodd, A. [3055], Australia K000209821

    First published in Telopea 8: 96 (1998)

    Accepted by

    • Dowe, J.L. (2010). Australian palms: biogeography, ecology and systematics: 1-290. CSIRO Publishing.
    • Dowe, J.L. (2009). A taxonomic account of Livistona R.Br. (Arecaceae) Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 60: 185-344.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Dowe, J.L., A taxonomic account of Livistona R.Br. (Arecaceae)

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0